Definition: HTTP - the Hypertext Transfer Protocol - provides a standard for Web browsers and servers to communicate. The definition of HTTP is a technical specification of a network protocol that software must implement. HTTP is an application layer network protocol built on top of TCP. HTTP ...

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0
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1answer
50 views

How does Facebook really identify requests?

Today I have discovered something very strange. It seems like Facebook is playing some kind of unfair game for identifying one's online identity. So, here is what I have done: I have a regular ...
2
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0answers
17 views

WiFi Fingerprinting RFC2617 Linux Device Cannot Unauthenticate Unless AP Password Changes

There is a Cisco WiFi Access Point in the office that is intended for guests. It is an open network in that you can associate without providing a password with the SSID. It supports RFC2617 and so the ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Is sending a string (representing a HTTP message) over SSL the same as sending a HTTPS message?

I want to communicate from an embedded device that only has SSL for encryption with an intranet-server that can receive HTTPS. Will SSL encrypted HTTP string be interpreted as HTTPS? or is there more ...
5
votes
3answers
979 views

How can I defend against malicious GET requests?

My server is getting hit with a variety if requests like the following: Started GET "/key/values" ActionController::RoutingError (No route matches [GET] "/key/values") Started GET "/loaded" ...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

Are HTML Components (HTC) files a potential attack vector?

I'm working on a site that has a higher-than-normal concern for user security. I've recently been working on some CSS issues with older versions of IE (we support 7 and higher) and found that an easy ...
9
votes
1answer
575 views

Why can't you steal the synchroniser token to do CSRF? [duplicate]

I'm reading up on CSRF and I came across synchroniser tokens. I don't understand why you can't do a CSRF to get the token to do a real CSRF. Example: bank.com has a form like this at ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Encrypting layers of OSI

I was reading that WPA2-PSK encrypts layer 2 of the OSI network model. What is the danger of having this layer in plaintext (I know it can be decrypted very easily from within the network)? Is there a ...
11
votes
6answers
323 views

Securing web applications with only a reverse proxy

In order to secure its public HTTP API (so called REST), my client is asking me to implement a simple HTTP reverse proxy that will verify (OAuth 2.0) access tokens and forward HTTP requests to ...
16
votes
6answers
7k views

How does a server obtain the IP Address of a user?

How does a server obtain the IP Address of a user? Is it possible to fool the server by spoofing the IP Address?
2
votes
1answer
68 views

How to Develop Waf as Service [closed]

Recently, I've started a my educational project WAF as service. To develop this project as per my view, following things are required: Web Application Firewall is in-line with the web servers; it ...
4
votes
3answers
216 views

Windows: unknown program/service etc. sends HTTP request to download a file; how can I find the origin of that request?

The firewall of my company has detected and blocked a repetitive (every 15 min) HTTP request from a PC, which tries to start a download of a file called ..._chrome_installer.exe(or so) from the host: ...
22
votes
2answers
21k views

Why does HTTP Basic authentication encode the username and password with base64?

RFC 2617 requires that in HTTP Basic authentication, the username and password must be encoded with base64. To receive authorization, the client sends the userid and password, separated by a ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

'http_login' metasploit module isn't able to Brute Force the target. Any suggestions? [closed]

I'm trying to Brute force the http Basic authentication on the domain pentesteracademylab.appspot.com The complete path is pentesteracademylab.appspot.com/lab/webapp/basicauth I'm using the ...
-2
votes
0answers
32 views

Are there any notary-like services for standard HTTP content? [duplicate]

One of the things I've consistently noticed is that a lot of open source projects and companies publish the public keys they use to sign packages on HTTP sites, with no HTTPS equivalent. I've come to ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

IP over HTTP GET only

Consider the following scenario: There is a client behind a really strict firewall. There is nearly nothing available to 'connect to the internet'. Just DNS resolution and HTTP/HTTPS (some whitelisted ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

IPtables - new vs new, established, related [migrated]

I'm «pretty» new to IPtables, or I have used IPtables a few years, but never with advanced features. I understand the concept of stateful IPtables rules, but recently I discovered that some people ...
-3
votes
1answer
49 views

Session hijacking [closed]

I know one way of doing session hijacking 1.copying the session value from the chrome browser and pasting the cookie value to firefox browser Is there any other way of doing session hijacking ? If ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

What are those http://123.249.24.233/POST_ip_port.php POST requests I get on my server? [closed]

I receive a lot of requests on my Node.js server, which I don't understand. On the picture, there are phpMyAdmin-oriented requests, that I understand as automated testing against phpMyAdmin. But I ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

How to make sure my HTTP server on Win 7 is secure? [closed]

I'm hosting a HTTP server from home. I'm concerned about security issues since the machine has some personal files in it. I have forwarded data from external IP port 80 to my IP at port 80. The ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

What are the security benefits to block all http referer header requests for web browser?

I would like to know also if you lose site functionality. Is this a security benefit that is beneficial than compromising functionality (if compromising at all)? What I mean by this is one a ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Publicly Available API + Sensitive ID/Key Transmission Over HTTP

I've run into a predicament... I'm developing a mobile application that utilizes a server for various things. One portion is that it stores an id/key pair related to accessing and processing ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Secure Flag and HSTS in HTTPS Only site

If I had a site only available in HTTPS should I still enable HSTS and Secure Flag?
-1
votes
1answer
86 views

SSL and Fake Domain

I am reading information related to SSL handshake on the Internet. It seems like in the last step the domain name is compared to the domain in the certificate. How exactly is this protecting against ...
2
votes
4answers
390 views

Intercepting AJAX request and response using BURP

I would like to intercept an AJAX request using BURP. I have used BURP for web applications testing before. This, however, appears to be a weird case. I am not certain what am I missing here. The ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Is scanning a site directory considered illegal penetration testing?

Does anyone know if using Dirbuster [link] to scan for unlisted directories and their contents is (possibly) legal in say the US?
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Metasploit reverse_http(s) PAYLOAD for linux target

During exploitation via metasploit's browzer_autopwn, I need to set a payload using http or https channel on a linux target. But there is no reverse_http(s) available in linux payload category. What ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

HTTP status 302 and subsequent redirect [closed]

I have sent a HTTP GET request to google.com and I get a 302 status. Now the location : url in http header is an http:// address, instead of https. When the browser visits this address I get back a ...
-3
votes
1answer
104 views

insecure HTTP Methods Enabled — how to control? [closed]

Here I am new to insecure HTTP Methods Enabled. The server allows HTTP methods that are considered dangerous. The following methods were enabled: PUT,DELETE Software used: ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

What are the security implications of enabling a SNI-hole on a web server?

A web server (let's say Apache 2.4) implements SNI. It is configured with a 4096 bit SHA384-signed Wildcard Certificate (*.land.org) with a Subject Alternative Name (land.org). The Certificate ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

Any reasons for using “Basic HTTP” authentication?

I'm building a simple API that will be used in an android app (that only about 3-4 users will ever have). The app connects to the server and sends GET/PUT requests. I've read through my googling that ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Force https without 301

For my website's .htaccess I currently have: RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301] So that when someone visits the page over http they get a 301 ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Does HTTPS protocol leak HTTP body length?

It seems that in a MITM attack, hackers may know the whole HTTPS packet size sent through the network (i.e. size of HTTP headers + HTTP body + overhead). Besides that, does the HTTPS protocol also ...
1
vote
3answers
85 views

Risks associated with HTTP content injection?

I'm curious about the risks associated with HTTP content injection, where an ISP injects content to pages accessed over non HTTPS connections. Some examples: ...
-1
votes
4answers
83 views

Custom CSRF protection mechanism without persisting tokens

I have had this functionality (csrf protection) for quite some time now. The thing I never liked about it is that it saved csrf tokens in the session file. While it may not be a real problem I see it ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Is every hash format that nginx accepts for HTTP Basic Auth weak against brute force?

According to http://nginx.org/en/docs/http/ngx_http_auth_basic_module.html nginx can read password hashes of these types: crypt(), apr1, SHA1 & SSHA. This is how I understand how these hashes ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

How to detect changing IP address and user agent on a HTTP session?

I have some HTTP logs where I see the hacker changing his IP every request, and occasionally changing his useragent. Is there a way to detect this automatically? Perhaps a snort rule? or any other ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

creating a TLS encrypted API

I have an HTTP API endpoint on my server that is encrypted (TLS). It is not a public API; users must sign-in and validate their account/identity to access the API. When I connect with my test client ...
2
votes
3answers
335 views

GET and POST request vulnerable to CSRF attack?

Are both GET and POST request vulnerable to CSRF? Should we use PUT instead?
1
vote
1answer
83 views

How to filter secure (HTTPS) websites by URL with regular expression?

I need to block access to certain pages on a website using regular expression and/or wildcard. The site uses https and therefore cannot be blocked using regular parental control filters (this is ...
5
votes
2answers
249 views

Can serving HTTPS to Internet Explorer on Windows XP be made secure?

Answers to Why is HTTPS not the default protocol? state that a lot of sites still use clear HTTP instead of HTTPS because all of these are true: A substantial number of visitors to the site use ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Website using http and https

Is there any method to know whether a website is https only or uses http webpages as well?Can it be done without using browsers cache?
4
votes
3answers
61 views

HTTP Server: Response time on login request

I have a site on which I would like to prevent an unauthenticated attacker from knowing if an account exists. On the site, passwords are hashed using bcrypt, so login requests must do a bcrypt ...
17
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the point of the same-domain rule for xmlhttprequest when script tags/JSONP can cross domains?

I get that I don't want a page loaded from stackoverflow.com to be able to request gmail.com on my behalf and read my email--but this seems to be simply a cookie issue. Since JSONP bypasses ...
117
votes
2answers
74k views

What is the difference between https://google.com and https://encrypted.google.com?

Is it there any difference between the encrypted Google search (at https://encrypted.google.com) and the ordinary HTTPS Google search (at https://google.com)? In terms of security what were the ...
0
votes
4answers
206 views

Is it safe to set up IP address to domain name redirection?

We recieved the following e-mail with from one of the UI developers When we browser site with IP: http://x.x.x.x/, it doesn’t redirect to http://www.our_website_name.com. This could cause ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Security benefits to have IP-filter in HttpModule instead of Page-Load in asp.net pipeline?

I'm working on implementing an IP-filter which blocks all requests by machines outside our IP-range. This is for an asp.net project (written in c#). I've read on multiple forums that the safest way ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Has HTTP bogus request type “COOK” been used in any known website attacks?

An apache web server access weblog shows a request type "COOK" where POST or GET are normally found. Is such a request part of any known web-based site attacks?
4
votes
1answer
112 views

How to find out whether an ISP adds a perma-cookie to my requests?

I am interested in finding out whether my (or any) current ISP (Internet Service Provider) uses a technology known as "perma-cookie" oder "sticky cookie" when I am browsing the internet. This ...
14
votes
1answer
323 views

Is there any evidence misusing the HTTP Pragma header in responses has any (unique) effect?

I've been investigating the Pragma header, since there are already two other cache-busting HTTP response headers (Cache-Control & Expires), and I was interested in which browsers use(d) the old ...
3
votes
3answers
252 views

Is it possible to obtain the login credentials submitted by users?

It's a question at computer security textbook Assume that user A is about to use some website that requires login credentials. User A starts his web browser, types the website’s URL, and submits the ...