Questions tagged [key-exchange]

For questions relating to protocols for distributing public keys, and / or establishing session keys with another party. Examples of key exchange protocols include Diffie-Hellman and IKE.

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Authenticate Static Public Keys

How can a static ECC public key be authenticated when being shared between the client (who has just created the static ECC public key) and the CA (Certification Authority) - who will sign and send the ...
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95 views

Is this Key Exchange secure?

There is a key exchange process which I am having a look at. I am aware of key exchange algorithms such as Diffie-Hellman and the like, however as there is a method to provide an initial key out-of-...
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118 views

Advantage Of ECDH-RSA over RSA Ciphersuites In TLS

If ECDH-RSA is used for key exchange, this is what happens: The server has its public ECDH parameter embedded within its certificate. The client generates its public ECDH parameter, extracts the ...
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287 views

How to perform a MITM attack on SSH exploiting the Diffie Hellman key exchange

I have an open-ended project for a class and I picked to make a tool/use existing tools and applications to exploit the Diffie-Hellman key exchange to be able to inject, modify and delete messages ...
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48 views

Why would be an attacker interested in whether a cryptographic key exchange protocol succeeded or not? [closed]

Why would an attacker want to know if a key exchange between two parties succeeded or failed? What are some motivations for wanting to know this?
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97 views

What is a KEA certificate and how it is used?

I'm currently studying IKE and IPsec in the context of VPN applications and I know that a X.509 certificate is used to provide server's public key to the client (and vice-versa in case of mutual ...
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35 views

Are all categories of assymetric key generation applicable to all categories of assymetric key exchange? [closed]

Context assumption and aim: Using asymmetric crypto to help Alice and Bob (members belonging to the same basketball club. The club has its own servers) to communicate together without the ...
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309 views

AES256 key exchange

I'm trying to get a secure way of exchanging keys between my client application and the server. The goal is to encrypt all XML messages with AES256. These XML's will be transferred to the server ...
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84 views

key hierarchy management and master key

Now, I have this equation, {{K_ab}K_bs}K_as. K_ab is encrypted by K_bs then whole packet is encrypted by K_as I think the key structure is K_as is the master key, K_bs is under K_as and K_ab is the ...
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162 views

Key Hierarchy and key Encryption

If i have two 56-bit DES keys, and I use these two key to encrypt a 256-bit AES key. Like this: K_AT encrypts K_BT and K_BT encrypts K What is the effective security of key K? Is it 2 X 56 Bits?
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112 views

Migration problem between different machines using TrouSerS TPM library

My question coincides with the question posted by Maximiliano Ezequiel. Below is a question. I could make migration process work in one single machine. I can: Export SRK public key. ...
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222 views

how IKE (Internet Key Exchange) protocol reacts to the replay attack?

I mean how IKE in any mode (quick,aggressive, main) responds to an attacker that tries to replay one or more messages?
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200 views

Verifying the owner of a signing key

I'm using elliptic curve cryptography (curve25519 and ed25519) for key exchange and signing. The signing and key exchange keypairs are independent. I need two users to be able to verify each other's ...
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472 views

SSH using pre-existing session (symmetric) keys

Is there at present a way to open a SSH connection using pre-existing symmetric session keys? In other words, if I create a list of symmetric keys can I send that list to the recipient on a CD or USB ...
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3answers
731 views

Is a Diffie Hellman Ephemeral key good material for being used as a symmetric cipher algorithm key?

I am designing a secure protocol (for academic/learning purposes) and I am at the point where I need to (re)design the key exchange step. In my previous implementation, I used to rely on RSA to ...
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346 views

Does Diffie-Hellmann (DH) key exchange protocol lower Off-The-Record protocol (OTR) security level?

Off-the-Record protocol employes Diffie-Hellman key exchange protocol (DH). DH protocol does not provide authentication of the communicating parties and, according to many sources, is vulnerable to ...
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73 views

Any Suggestion Exchanging shared key between process via port in untrusted machine (infected my malware)?

I am trying to get shared key between Firefox extension and a java program running in same machine. I am communicating both application via socket. My assumption is that malware is running in ...
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15k views

The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel Exception

Let me explain my situation. I created a self-signed certificate and installed it in the Trusted Root Certification Authorities section in MMC. I then created two certificates using the self-signed ...
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1answer
395 views

Secure Encrypted Chat Protocol [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there a way to negotiate a secret between 2 parties with no prior knowledge? Imagine two clients who want to establish a secure connection over a server. Both clients have ...
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2answers
125 views

Terms for differentiating between key-exchange and public-key cryptosystem

The RSA and Diffie-Hellman protocols are part of asymmetric cryptography. But is there a word to distinguish between cryptosystem like RSA (i.e. there are two keys, one for encryption and another for ...
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4k views

Are there flaws in this simple key exchange?

I'm reviewing for a computer security exam. Here is a simple scenario: Suppose that someone suggests the following way to confirm that the two of you are both in possession of the same secret key. ...
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2answers
241 views

Obtaining the public DNSSEC root key

Is the public DNSKEY of the DNS root zone that I have to trust when validating a DNSSEC key chain usually bundled with an OS? If so where is it located under Ubuntu 15.04, Linux? What is otherwise ...
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41k views

Verifying encryption in Facebook Messenger secret conversations

I've just tried Facebook Messenger's secret conversations feature. I started a conversation with Alice on Facebook Messenger for iOS. I noticed the following in Facebook's online help, under the ...
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2answers
284 views

SSL protocol analysis

1) What is the use of Cert B in this protocol? 2) What does it prove to Alice? 3) Is it okay if we remove Cert B in this protocol? Even without Cert B, isn't the fact that Bob used his private key ...
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947 views

What are the requirements for private keys in Diffie-Hellman key exchange algorithm

Basically question is: If we have pof size 2048 what sizes for private exponents should Alice and Bob choose and why?
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87 views

Can I use HTTPS to pass a symmetric key used for encrypting TCP packets?

I am making a multiplayer game for fun and wish to keep it secure. The client is written in C# and the server in node.js with a working connection over TCP at the moment. I am new to this subject, and ...
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2answers
505 views

Is IKE aggressive mode really less secure than main mode?

This guy argues it is not: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DuowFgNKAIg I really confused about this. According to him, the only purpose of main mode is to make the peers anonymous, but in order to ...
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68 views

Public key distribution through a file sharing service

Would you trust a reputedly secure file sharing service for public key distribution? In my context, I cannot use certificates. Key servers seem to require PGP/GPG formats yet I'm using Microsoft ...
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3answers
257 views

Key exchange with an untrusted party

Assume there are two parties - an agent and a server. The agent must register itself to the server by sending its identifier over the internet. And let's say we use public cryptography to encrypt ...
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1answer
77 views

Why must the master key be stronger than the session key?

If I am going to use a master key to generate a session key, the master key must be "stronger" than the session key. For instance, I should not be distributing a 128-bit AES keys with a 56-bit DES ...
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1answer
3k views

rolling code & keyless entry system [closed]

The security industry typically uses rolling code algorithms to authenticate sender & receivers in keyless entry systems, which is called RKE (ex: KeeLoq). In key-less smart key car system, The ...
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2answers
303 views

Is it safe to use a ECDSA public key as a password seed for GCM/AES?

Two peers already exchanged their ECDSA (curve secp256k1) public keys using a secure channel. They want to establish an authenticated encrypted channel between them. They will use CCM mode and with ...
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3answers
589 views

What are the MitM implications of a stolen client-side private key?

Many VoIP handsets support client-side SSL authentication for auto-provisioning. Unfortunately, some devices must be programmed with their client-side keys. (Keys generated on low-entropy devices are ...
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2answers
111 views

How to securely exchange a symmetric key over a unsecure netwrok

I need to build a project for uni where I need to transfer data securely from a client to a server. I can't use PKI structures and can't save pre-shared secrets (Imagine travelling to china and some ...
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123 views

Why is the Diffie-Hellmann exchange not enough to authenticate the communication partners in IKE_SA_INIT?

The IKE_SA_INIT does create a key seed SKEYSEED from the Diffie-Hellman values and nonces. Since the exchange does sharing the secret between the communication partners, I do not understand why it is ...
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128 views

Two-party symmetric key establishment protocol

Update: original problem description I am developing a client-server system for configuration updates. The system handles update tasks. An update task is initiated on a server; multiple clients then ...
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1k views

OpenSSL ecparam generates same private key every time?

Currently I am trying to make my web server as secure as possible and I am testing different cipher suites on the server side, some of them using ECDHE key exchange. When generating private EC keys, ...
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851 views

What's the algorithm to generate a modulus and a base for a Diffie-Hellman key exchange app?

I have a school project in which I have to write a java console application that can be used for key exchange between two people. All is fine and well, but finding good base and modulus seems to be a ...
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1answer
108 views

In Asymmetric cryptography, is the number of Private Keys limited?

My question is a bit of a leading question, because I assume that the number of Private Keys is a finite number. However, it is possible that the number is such a large number that it would ...
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1answer
875 views

How to incorporate the man-in-the-middle

I am designing a web-based back-end for an online service. The service could support web based portals and mobile apps as front end. But I am stuck on how to support third-party, i.e untrusted, web ...
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154 views

MITM protection, key distribution

I want to make sure each of my apps users only get their own data, and that nobody tampers with it or sniffs it in a MITM fashion. Encryption of everything should be the solution, right? But how do I ...
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2answers
100 views

does a public key work with all encrypted programs

let us say, I use program "x" for my e-mail security. through them I have a public key and a private key. My friend uses program "y" for their e-mail security and consequentially have a public key and ...
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48 views

Performing a simpler ssl handshake [duplicate]

Consider the following scenario: client sends hello server send a hello and its certificate client generates a key and encrypts that with server's public key server decrypts the key with its private ...
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1answer
69 views

In Signal Messenger what is the purpose of verifying a safety number?

I've read the official page on safety numbers but they are still unclear to me. Without verification, there still is end to end encryption, so what difference does it make? Is it that a phone number ...
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70 views

Updating Sender-Keys and Key-Management

This question is related to an earlier question I had: Encryption on Mobile Devices - Multiparty Encryption - Key Management My situation: I have many mobile devices that want to send sensitive ...
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1answer
91 views

Public key encryption confusion

I'm learning Linux, and currently SSH. But there are details that I don't really understand. I've seen and understood how Diffie-Hellman key exchanges work from a mathematical point of view, but what ...
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1answer
86 views

Key distribution from a central server [closed]

I have a system composed by different computers that must communicate in a real-time context. All the communications must be encrypted and this system is not connected to Internet, it's just a bunch ...
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1answer
689 views

Possible MITM attacks on ECDH-RSA or ECDHE-RSA prevents

As I understood a simplified ECDH-RSA key exchange protocol works like below Alice request Bob for its ECDH public key Bob generates ECDH parameters and sign them with a CA provided RSA certificate. ...
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648 views

Are Multi device usage and bots in Telegram an excuse for only ssl encryption?

Telegram's E2E encryption is not secure. See: Is Telegram E2E Still Insecure? and Is Telegram secure? Lets asume its is secure and talk about the "excuses" why E2E encryption is not always used. It ...
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100 views

Do I have the private keys to CAs installed on my browser?

Could someone please help explain the following comment from Why was the private key of the Superfish certificate so easily extractable? The main issue with private key extraction is the use of the ...