Questions tagged [multi-factor]

a multi factor authentication requires at least two sets of credentials. This is typically something you know (e. g. a password) and something you own (e. g. a token generator or mobile phone), but could also be something you are (a biometric).

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5answers
1k views

How Does 2FA Help Prevent Unauthorized Access in Phishing Attacks?

Given Attacker is targeting a user of bank.com. bank.com uses SMS or Google Authenticator 2FA, where the user enters the 2FA code into a form. Scenario Attacker registers domain name baank.com ...
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5answers
9k views

Hardware-Based Password Manager [closed]

I'm trying to improve my password management, and I have a vision in mind for a solution. However, I'm having a problem putting it all together or finding a product(s) that fits. First I would like to ...
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2answers
137 views

How can I safely print a keyfile on paper?

I use KeePass with two factors, one being a keyfile. I would like to print the keyfile on a paper for disaster recovery. How can I create a file that is printable on paper in such a way that I can use ...
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1answer
38 views

How does the PIN work in the RSA SecurID phone app?

I use the RSA SecurID phone app to connect to the VPN at my work. I run the app and type a 4 to 8 digit PIN. Then the app gives me a 6 digit code to connect to the VPN. Does the PIN change the result? ...
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2answers
1k views

GMail Hack with 2-Factor Auth enabled

I have my business email on GMail. I use 2-factor authentication for access to said business email. I access my business email from 2 computers and 1 mobile Android device. I do not use Outlook or ...
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0answers
32 views

How should I share a TOTP shared key with my users?

I want to add one-time passwords as gates for certain important actions in the application I am working on. It is not two-factor authentication, although it may be extended to that use case later. ...
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0answers
67 views

2 person 2-factor authentication?

I'm trying to build a system as follows: User 1 is a low permission user. They will be using their phone and at some point will need to do a secure action. User 2 is an admin user and will be in the ...
27
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9answers
7k views

How does “Somewhere you are” authentication add further security?

In addition to the authentication techniques that are based on “something you have”, “something you know” and “something you are”, authentication techniques that consider “somewhere you are” are also ...
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2answers
139 views

Yahoo! Mail logging in with 2FA code only

I came across a serious issue with Yahoo! Mail that I hope someone would help to fix or raise awareness for. I wanted to create an account on Yahoo! Mail. I entered my phone number to the Yahoo! ...
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0answers
46 views

Integrating 2FA app into main app

We currently have two distinct apps, one for generating a 2FA token and the other one is the main app. Business is now considering to have only one app left and integrating the authenticator app into ...
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1answer
70 views

Does Two Factor Authentication (2FA) prevent Phishing and/or Man-in-the-Middle (MITM) attacks?

While 2FA is clearly an improvement over only a single factor, is there anything which prevents an adversary presenting a convincing sign-in page which captures both factors? I realise that ...
0
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1answer
66 views

How can I securely generate secret-sharing/multisig keys on a p2p network?

I am trying to create a peer-to-peer escrow system. I need to encrypt the private key of a wallet with a 2-of-3 secret-sharing function - the buyer, seller, and arbitrator will each have have one key. ...
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1answer
83 views

Are hardware security keys (e.g ones supporting Fido2) “able to protect authentication” even in case of compromised hosts?

Correct me if I am wrong, please. I understand that 2FA (MFA) increases account security in case an attacker obtains a password which might be possible via various ways, e.g. phishing, database breach,...
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1answer
92 views

Is it safe to send verification code in the subject of the email?

I am wondering if it's safe to send the signup, reset password, 6 digit verification code in the subject of the email. Example: "Welcome to the Application, Your verification code is XXXXXX" ...
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0answers
25 views

Security concerns regarding user self-service MFA reset

Let's say I have an IAM system with a typical MFA feature: TOTP with recovery codes. When users don't have access to their TOTP apps, they can use recovery codes to log in. The IAM system has an admin ...
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2answers
142 views

2FA authentication with QR code

Can someone confirm if the following solution is actually 2FA? User has to install a special mobile app. When the mobile app is opened for the first time, the user is asked to associate the device ...
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1answer
43 views

Risks associated with a compromised external Security token server

Consider the following architecture: An on premise Web API 2 [Written in C# hosted in IIS] which uses OAuth 2 authentication [ Implicit Flow ] to secure itself. This API acts as the data source by ...
24
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5answers
1k views

Bank asked for a cross login?

I was creating a new bank account here in the US at HSBC's popular online bank... You know the step where you have to verify the account you're sending from, by receiving two small test payments? I ...
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0answers
29 views

Handling parallel login and Max invalid attempts using OTP with same phone number

I am designing a login system that performs login operation using OTP and Email ID of the registered user. The current approach is as below User enters the Registered Email Id If the Email ID is ...
0
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2answers
135 views

Why hasn't push notification authentication replaced SMS for 2FA?

So we use DUO for 2FA at work and it uses push notification authentication as the second factor for 2FA. It's so quick and easy! I enter my username and password, get a push notification on my phone, ...
3
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2answers
321 views

2-step authorization (using SMS) is less secure than having 2-factor disabled at all!

I've been thinking about this subject, and found paradoxical fact. Having a service that has 2-step authorization using SMS might become more harmful and open vulnerability hole (read SMS can be ...
2
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1answer
282 views

Is using WebAuthn alone considered as two factor authentication?

Will using WebAuthn for an application make it two factor? I am specifically interested in using Ondevice biometrics and achieve passwordless authentication. For a true two factor authentication you ...
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1answer
374 views

​Multi-factor Out of Band Token authentication options suitable as per NIST recommendations 800-63B (published in June, 2017)

In our web application project we are required to establish MF authentication with combination of memorised secret token (password) and Out of Bound token. Earlier we were planning to implement SMS ...
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4answers
789 views

What makes VoIP more vulnerable than a “normal” phone line?

NIST is deprecating VoIP SMS authentication. I don't understand the decision. What makes VoIP any more vulnerable than a traditional phone line? From the consumer side, I don't even know how to tell ...
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0answers
77 views

(Re)Hacked Instagram accout even if Two Factor authentication was enabled

A friend of mine, let's call her Alice, had an Instagram account that was hacked. She uses an iPhone. The scenario looks like this: Alice gets a link from a Business Account via WhatsApp, and clicks ...
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0answers
66 views

Is storing an encrypted 2FA backup on Bitwarden (a password manager) a good idea?

I am at the moment using Bitwarden and a separate 2FA app. I am trying to figure out a way to be able to securely recover my access to credentials and 2FA in case my phone/laptop/other electronic ...
2
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2answers
262 views

Web Application Using Identity Federation & OTP

We are running a web application using a client's identity federation to authenticate users. A new requirement is to use 2FA, we have decided to use an OTP algorithm using Java, similar to this one ...
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3answers
134 views

prevent/prohibit duplication of MFA software-token / ensure user identity

As I was unable to find any thread about this particular question, I'm trying to ask the community for help. We're currently using RSA RADIUS based 2FA to authenticate external VPN users from ...
2
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1answer
205 views

Best practice for multi-factor re-authentication

We just introduced multi-factor authentication (MFA) to access a remote business network. This has a re-authentication option: to prompt the user to re-enter the password and MFA code periodically. ...
126
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8answers
61k views

How hard is it to intercept SMS (two-factor authentication)?

A lot of two-factor authentication mechanisms use SMS to deliver single-use passphrase to the user. So how secure is it? Is it hard to intercept the SMS message containing the passphrase? Do mobile ...
0
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2answers
114 views

2FA: Do app passwords render the second factor invalid?

I am currently in the process of employing a 2FA authentication on as many services as I can. If it is relevant for the question: I use a time-based OTP authenticator app. When setting up, I noticed ...
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2answers
63 views

What is the name of the crypto system used by ICANN's DNS recovery system?

I once heard about a type of crypto system that behaves in the following way: I have x secret keys that work together to decrypt messages encrypted with a public key d. If I get at least n of the x ...
0
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1answer
44 views

synchronization of keyfob token generator

At work, years ago, I used to have a key-fob device that was about the size of a thumb-drive. It had a 4 digit LCD screen that the numbers changed every 60 seconds. When logging onto certain servers,...
0
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1answer
67 views

What protocol is NPS server using to send Secondary Auth to Azure MFA?

We are using PAP to pass data between our on-prem VMware and on-prem NPS server. But our on-prem NPS Server passes data to Azure MFA in the cloud. I want to ensure a stronger protocol than PAP is ...
1
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1answer
99 views

How often should we force users to re-authenticate when not on the network?

Our company has rolled out MFA to our users. We are a Microsoft shop, so we are using Azure AD to handle MFA and authentication to things like email, Teams, Sharepoint, etc. By default, we've disabled ...
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2answers
68 views

What are Security Considerations of Using File Upload/Comparison as Simplified Second Factor?

I am evaluating the idea of simplified second factor authentication by requiring a file to be uploaded, such as an image along with username/password. The file is stored on a user's device. My ...
25
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2answers
9k views

What's the point of Microsoft Account 2FA if it still lets me log in using password instead?

I have a Microsoft Account linked to a Microsoft Authenticator app for 2FA purposes. Every time I log in, it first sends me the Authenticator request, but I can always click "Other ways to sign ...
0
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1answer
87 views

2 Factor Authentication -> When to Request it?

I am wanting to implement 2FA in my application. I am a relatively new developer (~1 year Spring Boot / Android). At the moment, my App uses Spring Security AuthenticationProviders to authenticate a ...
0
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1answer
87 views

Why make it difficult to disable MFA tokens?

Some websites make it easy to enrol multiple TOTP apps at the same time but make it difficult to disable these apps. For instance, the user would have to completely reset the MFA settings instead of ...
2
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1answer
87 views

How does Amazon secure its 6 digit one-time password?

I noticed that Amazon's password reset relies on a 6 digit numeric PIN. Doesn't this reduce every user's account to a 1 in 10^5~ chance of being accessed through brute force guess factoring in a few ...
9
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4answers
3k views

How does LastPass' grid multi-factor authentication work behind the scenes?

I understand how to use the Grid multi-factor authentication as a user but how does it work technically? Specifically how can just a few letters from the grid be enough to decrypt any secret defined ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Does mobile biometric authentication count as Knowledge, Possession, or Inherence authentication

Apple claims in this year's WWDC that Face ID and Touch ID count for both Possession and Inherence identity factors, because they are using Biometrics (Inherence) to access the secure element on your ...
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3answers
107 views

What is the best practice for resetting multi-factor when a user requests to recover their password?

I am in the process of developing a web-application which requires MFA on every login. (On the first login, before you can do anything, you are forced to setup MFA. Due to monetary restrictions and ...
23
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2answers
6k views

What is the risk of having a 2FA key permanently plugged into my device?

Yubico offers the YubiKey Nano, a 2FA key designed to be left inside the device more or less permanently. While it does add comfort to be able to just leave it plugged in, what risks would there be ...
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0answers
43 views

Dedicated device for online investing and other security measures

I like to invest money online. I invest in both cryptocurrencies as well as regular stocks. As my bankroll grows (let's say 20k+ in the near future), I feel like I need to start taking more serious ...
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2answers
58 views

two-factor authentication suffix code in the password

In many sites where 2FA is enabled, the login flow is: A form asking for username/password If credentials are valid a new form asks for the verification code. However, there are some implementations ...
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1answer
125 views

If someone steals my unencrypted, password protected laptop, would they be able to get into my Google account?

I have a laptop with Ubuntu 20.04 operating system. I am logged into my Chrome browser using my Google account. This means, every time I open my browser, I am already logged into all the Google ...
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1answer
37 views

Should a service indicate the usage of multi-factor authentication by a user for building trust?

We all know that MFA done right can greatly increase the security of an online identity. There are services around with a fundamental trust problem among the users. For example online market places ...
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0answers
28 views

If someone stole my symantec VIP credential ID, would they be able to generate the same one-time passcode as the app does?

Let's say I've installed the Symantec VIP app on my device. If someone stole my Symantec VIP credential ID, would they be able to generate the same one-time passcode (OTP) as the app does?
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2answers
76 views

How to store MFA secret

I have an online application that I'm adding MFA to, using the Google / Microsoft Authenticator apps for mobile phones. I've tried to adopt a security focussed approach to storing the MFA secret and ...

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