Questions tagged [passwords]

Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

154 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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How to determine the number of characters changed between two passwords as per DISA Application Developer STIG rule SV-84187r1_rule?

The DISA Application Developer STIG specifies: Group ID (Vulid): V-69565 Rule ID: SV-84187r1_rule Rule Version (STIG-ID): APSC-DV-001730 Rule Title: The application must require the change of at ...
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166 views

How Are Google Chrome Synced Passwords Encrypted If I Can Reset the Password to My Account

Services like Dashlane and Bitwarden are unable to decrypt your passwords without your Master Password. So, how does Chrome do it when they also state that your passwords are encrypted using your ...
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94 views

How vulnerable are password managers in the real world?

I'm a senior undergraduate majoring in computer science. I recently took a computer security class where instead of exams we had a final project that could be anything related to computer security. So ...
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126 views

How to mitigate insecure password policy that I am forced to use?

The site in question is the UK regulator for companies at https://ewf.companieshouse.gov.uk. Online access to a company on this site enables the user to file/change various critical things on behalf ...
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1answer
260 views

Which user authentication measures are used nowadays?

I was reading about Passwords and came across methods used for authenticating client to a server. Since sending password in Plain text to the server isn't the best method for authentication of a user, ...
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265 views

Saved password store on Android Edge browser

Does anyone have knowledge, or better yet, a reference document showing how and where passwords are stored when using the Edge browser on Android? I'm assuming it's going to be SQLite, as I ...
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1k views

How exactly does “Apache Shiro's” hashing work when using a Desktop-Client

I was looking at this question How does storing hash passwords work? and every answer essentially says that Hashing is done via the server, or most of it should, as that is the safest way to do it. I ...
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60 views

Maximum password length for user accounts on Ubuntu

I have a VPS hosted at a remote location. Obviously the host can login directly (without SSH or any keys) on this box and I want to make brute force password guessing as hard as possible for a bad ...
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69 views

Any data on how many users change passwords after a breach notifcation?

Does anyone know of any study or any data whatsoever which might indicate how many users actually change their passwords after they have been notified that their credentials appeared in a breach?
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642 views

GPG: how to encrypt using a keyfile? (symmetric)

In Ubuntu this produces a "filename.txt.gpg" file and works: $ gpg --symmetric --passphrase-file keyfile.key filename.txt In debian, I get a popup requesting I enter a password... How do I encrypt ...
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754 views

Are enterprises Office 365 accounts overly exposed to brute force attacks?

Earlier this year the Scottish parliament was attacked by what described as a “Brute Force” cyber-attack. It was said that the attack targeted “MSPs and staff with parliamentary email addresses”. ...
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3answers
454 views

Secure preshared key 2 way authentication

I have the following setup: A server and a client will be connected over tcp. The server and client both have access to the preshared secret key. When the client connects to the server, the client and ...
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465 views

Can we capture security key used in an NFC connection for Mifare Classic?

Millions of NFC Mifare Classic cards are used for public transport, access control and other purposes. These NFC tags use encryption so that the data on NFC tag cannot be read or changed by someone ...
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2answers
685 views

Is a password or passphrase needed with a keyfile backup to decrypt

In my search for an encrypted NAS i have come across a few products that talk about backing up the encryption key and storing it in a safe location. My question is if this backed up keyfile is enough ...
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58 views

Security concerns for long-lasting single use access tokens with secondary identity verification?

I have an application that has a user type that "returns as needed" over the course of 22 days to complete action items. The application handles sensitive/confidential information, but > 90% of users ...
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1answer
1k views

How secure is automatic authentication in Skype?

How secure is checking the automatic authentication option in Skype client? What if I sign in with Microsoft account instead of Skype id? What if both accounts are merged? Is there any documentation ...
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280 views

Recovered a 7z password with hashcat, but it's not the right one

I am trying to recover a 7z file, but have forgotten the password. It's completely AES-256 encrypted (i.e. not even the filenames are available). Steps: Generated hash file with 7z2hashcat.pl Ran a ...
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77 views

Can I skip any password hashing for localhost authentication?

Setup I have several services (Postfix, Apache (PHP)) that access a PostgreSQL database on a Debian Linux 10 system. everyone is on the same host they use the loopback interface (127.0.0.1) to ...
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2answers
172 views

How to improve security of a stored password?

Our application needs to store a password in a database. It‘s not possible to store a hash because the password is needed to access other data that are protected by this password. Currently, the ...
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176 views

If the given key of a Vigenère Cipher has repeated letters, does it make it any easier to break?

I am studying the Vigenère Cipher that given a passphrase uses rotating Caeser Ciphers to encode the plaintext. The ‘classical’ attacks on Vigenère first deduce the length of the passphrase by ...
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111 views

Admin able to set new plaintext user password - security problem?

I am working on this application that can be deployed and run by anyone on their server. Most often, it is run as a web service. In our new version, we removed the possibility for admins to set and ...
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29 views

Credential Storage for Partner/Vendor Accounts

We work with many other companies to do data exchange. As an example, we might work with COMPANY A to send them sensitive data over SFTP. This would be done by them giving us an SFTP Host/Account/...
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54 views

How do biometric password managers work?

Many password managers for mobile offer the option to unlock the password vault with a fingerprint instead of a password. If you never type in your master password, how is it possible to decrypt the ...
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149 views

Add additional rounds on existing SHA-512 salted hashes without knowing clear text password?

Assuming you have a salted SHA-512 password hash with 5000 rounds. For example: {CRYPT}$6$rounds=5000$6835c5dcf0bb7310$hVod/jy7uONMSa.FVpLHb/2OrWpAj3lB/....
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314 views

For cloud-based password managers, is it safe to login using public WiFi?

For cloud-based password managers, is it safe to login when using public WiFi? To help get good answers to this question, let's define 3 terms: Cloud-based password managers = Password managers such ...
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81 views

User has been authenticated. Now what?

I'm trying to create a user authentication system for an application. I can't use a built in library for that such as ASP.NET Identity, but I can use any simple methods in .net. Not wanting to ...
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155 views

WCF WS - Passing passwords through service

I am implementing security on a WCF service from basicHttp to WShttp, the issue is the service sends some passwords for connections to the database that the user can define,test and save. The ...
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94 views

Protecting the password in a PBE scheme for an application

I am currently formulating security best practices and requirements for ongoing Java software development in my department and have settled with a recommendation of using the Jasypt framework for ...
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51 views

Native Mobile App Finger Print Authentication and web service.

I have developed many web based applications and focused a lot on authentication LDAP, SAML and in application passwords. Now I am moving to building native mobile application and would like to take ...
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480 views

Mimikatz hash dump of logged-off users

If I want to dump hashes of domain users on my computer, do they have to be logged on, or can I dump hashes of logged off users? When I try mimikatz in my lab, I can only get dumps from others users ...
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91 views

Under what conditions does Safari have access to the Keychain?

The Keychain is shared among many different apple products and includes asymmetric, symmetric, and other types of security data. People who use iCloud, and also enable the keychain synchronization ...
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40 views

Syncing service passwords during offline installations

Due to very paranoid customer requirements, we have to install several Windows services on two different systems that should run under a shared service account. Each system should each have a copy of ...
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487 views

Digital signature based authentication schema using two passwords

I'm working on an authentication system for a web based Bitcoin-related service. As part of the service, users do some less sensitive operations (mostly reading and sending various types of ...
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78 views

Creating New Acc in Mac Mail 1st Connect to Server not SSL is uname & pw tx secure?

It appears that whenever you set up a new mail account on Mac Mail on OS X (or iPhone, iPad etc), that as soon as you enter the server and the mail account user name and password, Mac Apple-Mail tries ...
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1answer
277 views

What are the security features of the Microsoft PasswordVault class?

There doesn't seem to be much information on the PasswordVault but it seems to provide for local encryption of credentials. There are references to it in this source code and this blog. The reason I'...
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3answers
2k views

Securely changing Veracrypt password

How can I change a Veracrypt (master) password efficiently and securely? Based on the answers here, it is not safe to use system --> change password due to various reasons. I cannot simply image ...
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43 views

Good use of libsodium?

I am looking to hash user passwords to store in a database that will likely reside on a user's intranet, so I am expecting the database to be classed as open and insecure. I am using libsodium 1.0.18 ...
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45 views

Strange cyrus/imaps Logins without valid password

I found apparently successful logins from a foreign ip-address to our cyrus-imap server: Nov 24 08:16:20 server-1 cyrus/imaps[12101]: starttls: TLSv1.2 with cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA (256/256 bits ...
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1answer
68 views

What is the minimum secure length for gpg -c file.txt?

I want to use gpg -c with a user-generated password that I can easily remember. Are 16 characters enough? for example would a password similar to "I own 32 houses." be bruteforcable?
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Making custom wordlists for languages besides English

I'm testing a site whose audience doesn't usually have English as their main language. When it comes to non-English, I consider there to be 3 groups The target language's alphabet is a subset of the ...
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65 views

Strange account activity - how to investigate

Today I have observed very strange scenario which appears to be attempts to hack an account. So first, let me tell the pre-story: I have started to receive 2-factor authentication SMS messages from ...
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44 views

Entered FDE password in GRUB by mistake

For several reasons (I have an external monitor, etc.) when I booted the laptop I typed the FDE (Full Disk Encryption on Linux, LUKS) without looking at the monitor, and I ended up typing the full ...
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86 views

SECURITY VIOLATION: Root login attempted - Which password is affected?

Logwatch shows that proftpd was tried to be logged into using root 0.0.0.0 (111.254.68.221[111.254.68.221]) - SECURITY VIOLATION: Root login attempted I found: Normally, proftpd does not allow root ...
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1answer
69 views

Securely storing a master key client-side

My company is currently evaluating a product which comes with a browser-extension-based password manager. The password manager is peripheral to their core product, but is the only way to use it. We're ...
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2answers
132 views

Hardware components based on which to generate password

I want to generate a password for a Keystore in java on Windows platform. I would like to make a HASH out of some hardware information from my computer and some salt. My question is: which hardware or ...
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1answer
109 views

Firefox: What would be more secure/private: storing session cookies or saving password in the browser?

I am wondering, assuming the latest version of Firefox, which of the following options would be more preferable security-wise (e.g. assess and/or password to user account will be stolen) and which one ...
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757 views

John the Ripper doesn't crack passwords when I use wordlists

Title says it all, I can't tell if John is just crashing or "gives up" on cracking the hash. First I start off by creating an md5 hash out of a word I KNOW is on the rockyou.txt wordlist: echo -n '...
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65 views

Got a failed log-in attempt message. Is it possible someone tried to enter my PC remotely?

A while ago my PC kind of got frozen. The mouse was moving but I couldn't open other windows and I couldn't open the task manager pressing ctrl-shift-Esc. After a couple of minutes I just pressed the ...
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1answer
199 views

Fully-secured screen lock in Ubuntu with encryption

I have Ubuntu 19.10 with full disk encryption. The encryption is effective as long as the system is turned off or restarted. Otherwise the data is unencrypted behind a locked screen which may not be ...
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2answers
131 views

2FA: Do app passwords render the second factor invalid?

I am currently in the process of employing a 2FA authentication on as many services as I can. If it is relevant for the question: I use a time-based OTP authenticator app. When setting up, I noticed ...