Questions tagged [pdf]

Portable Document Format (PDF) is an open standard for electronic document exchange maintained by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Questions can be about PDF specific malware or protections.

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Can websites, through cookies or other usual means, access PDFs opened in browser?

Can websites through the use of cookies or other usual means, see the content in a PDF (saved and opened locally or opened from the web) that is also opened in the browser at the same time, or in the ...
1 vote
1 answer
80 views

Can a PDF file make network requests to remote computers?

Do PDF files have the ability to ping a remote server such that the remote server will know that I opened the PDF file? If so, how do I stop that? I am using the Evince PDF reader on my computer that ...
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Why do you need to wrap bash command inside another when opening a reverse shell?

In the CSAW 2022 web challenge, called "my little website", a youtuber in this video used a vulnerability in md-to-pdf to run arbitrary js, and this is the payload used: ---js ((require[&...
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1 answer
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Using PDF files from dubious sources

In one of my university courses, the lecture materials (solutions to homework assignments) are not fully supplied by the university itself, but have to be created by the students themselves: The ...
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1 answer
174 views

Are there any known vulnerabilities that exploit google's PDF viewer?

I have told my users for years not to ever click on PDF Documents if they are not 100% sure they know where it came from as they can sometimes be the delivery vector for malicious code. Recently, one ...
1 vote
2 answers
254 views

John The Ripper unable to crack long PDF passwords

Steps I follow: I protected a PDF with a long password (I am trying with 38 characters password). I created a dictionary that contains the password to crack the PDF with John the Ripper. I run john --...
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2 answers
303 views

Is it still possible to embed executables in PDF in 2022?

I have searched and found those posts how to embed exe file to pdf? and https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2941700/can-i-embed-an-exe-payload-in-a-pdf-doc-ppt-or-any-other-file-format, but they are ...
2 votes
1 answer
166 views

Website with embedded PDFs and JavaScript for Acrobat

Context On my website, users can upload their PDF files, and then some, other users can view the uploaded PDF files. I was wondering if this could come with security issues. The uploaded PDF are ...
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3 answers
936 views

Is there a way to scan a pdf to ensure it doesn't contain anything that could be a virus?

The answers to Can a PDF file contain a virus? show that clearly it can! Sometimes we can be quite sure a certain pdf should not need to do anything sophisticated - for example a book in pdf form - so ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Personally identifiable information in a PDF bank statement?

I have got to upload a sample bank statement PDF online which is going to accessible to everyone. I have obviously edited out all account details, names, codes, transaction particulars and the ...
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1 answer
121 views

What hidden metadata might be embedded in a PDF that is not visible "to the naked eye"?

I have edited a PDF file in Acrobat, which left some metadata and I am wondering: What metadata might be possible to discern from the end file if I were to send it to external parties? What actions ...
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When receiving PDFs from unknown sources, is it sufficient to remove dynamic content (flash, JS, etc.) to minimise attack surface?

My company allows customers to upload PDFs, JPEGs and PNGs to our servers, which are then viewed by clients. We want to minimise the potential for attack on the clients, and while the image formats ...
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1 answer
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Secure PDF Document Transmission for US State Government Official

I have been requested to send a copy of a past year tax return to a US state office. I have been in contact with a tax official by email to send this copy through various means. This state is a few ...
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1 answer
186 views

Do pdf files pose a higher security risk than regular image files (png, jpeg, etc.)?

Do pdf files pose a higher security risk than regular image files (png, jpeg, etc.)? In my understanding is that most image files don't carry any security risk because all exploits were fixed, but ...
1 vote
2 answers
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HSM High Volume Keys

Our project is to apply digital signature to PDF, so each user should have their own key pairs and a certificate. To keep key securely, we plan to purchase HSM, but from what I understand HSM have a ...
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1 vote
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A PDF ran GetAdaptersAddresses. Should I be concerned?

I received and opened a PDF that ran: GetTickCount IsDebuggerPresent SetWindowsHookExW Sleep GetAdaptersAddresses These are the 2 files it wrote: C:\Windows\ServiceProfiles\LocalService\AppData\...
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1 answer
1k views

Strange virustotal tags on pdf file

I've received PDF at work, which I then ran through virustotal scan out of habit. It turned out to be clean, but at the same time some tags caught my attention, namely: checks-user-input detect-debug-...
1 vote
2 answers
136 views

Vulnerabilities in Receiving User-Submitted PDF Files Through HTTP(S)

For context; I have a web application that allows users to upload a PDF file from which the web app extracts certain information by parsing it. The app then sends this information to another server ...
16 votes
2 answers
6k views

Is cloudflare injecting tracking code for PDF requests in browsers via the browser PDF plugin?

Opening a PDF link in the browser (e.g. google chrome with the ootb PDF viewer plugin) apparently indicates that when the PDF is hosted on a cloudflare-facing domain there is additional data present ...
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Get encrypted PDF password

For a CTF challenge, I got a locked PDF file with a data folder that contains images, a plaintext file and a wav audio file. I used pdf2john.pl to get the password hash and I performed a brute force ...
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1 answer
525 views

Where is the PDF encryption key stored

Assuming you have the user protected PDF file. Using the password, the cryptographic key is generated and the file encrypted. Where is the key stored, is it on the RAM every time the file is opened?
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is Firefox's new JavaScript support within PDF files a security concern?

Historically, we have learned that many security vulnerabilities and exploits have resulted from allowing document files to contain executable code, whether it be JavaScript, VBScript, another ...
4 votes
2 answers
490 views

How to harden Adobe Acrobat and Acrobat Reader

I found this recommendation by the CISA to disable Javascript in Acrobat Reader. Also, this article recommends to disable Flash and Multimedia, and the opening of non-PDF attachments. Both ...
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1 vote
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2k views

What PDF file format alternative should I choose if I am looking for more security in my document files? [closed]

There are tons of exploits being created using the PDF file format for most PDF viewers out there every year. PDF files have lots of power and can utilize things such as JavaScript. This is really ...
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John the ripper - "no password hashes loaded " for pdf

I'm trying to decrypt a pdf that I no longer have the password for. When I use JohnTheRipper, it can't seem to load any password hashes. Basically, this is what I run. └─$ perl pdf2john.pl /home/...
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2 answers
349 views

Can converting a virus-infected webpage to PDF format still contain viruses [closed]

So I know that PDF files can contain viruses themselves if they are target specifically for that purpose. However, my question for here is this: If a webpage that has some malicious scripts or a virus ...
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2 answers
768 views

Foxit Reader - disable JavaScript / Safely read PDF

Today I disabled JavaScript in my Foxit Reader settings because I hope to gain better security against malware embedded in PDF books I read. As some sort of simple check I tried to open a PDF with ...
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1 answer
375 views

Is converting malicious PDF to JPG then backwards via web services is good method to obtain safe PDF?

I've downloaded a book but by default its considered malicious by me. I thought of converting that PDF to JPG here: https://smallpdf.com/pl/pdf-do-jpg Then backwards: https://smallpdf.com/pl/jpg-to-...
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723 views

Is it impossible to have a PDF file execute a command without abusing any exploits?

We are running a purple team which includes attempting to run a malicious PDF on the target system. The targeted user is well aware of the exercise so there is no concerns about an AV picking the ...
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Is the most secure way of viewing an infected pdf file through a cloud pdf reader like xodo using a pdf uploaded to Google Drive?

Is the most secure way of viewing an infected pdf file through a cloud pdf reader like xodo using a pdf uploaded to Google Drive? I have a work laptop and I currently work for a small startup that had ...
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2 votes
1 answer
3k views

Unable to get John the Ripper to crack PDF password

I am new to Kali Linux and JTR but am playing around trying to crack a PDF file. I set the PDF Password to test so it's a known password on my own file. For whatever reason JTR appears to finish ...
2 votes
1 answer
261 views

How can a pdf file have two passwords?

I receive emails from my bank with password protected PDF files, and they provide two passwords - either xxxx or yyyy. How is this possible?
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3 votes
3 answers
7k views

Gmail warns about encrypted PDF file

I recently received a PDF file that, when attached to a gmail message, causes a warning to be displayed as follows: Encrypted attachment warning – Be careful with this attachment. This message ...
5 votes
1 answer
993 views

Can a PDF embed a tracking image?

I know that PDFs can contain embedded images and Javascript. Can a PDF contain something that tracks you? For instance, can it contain a remote image that, when the PDF is opened, will fetch that ...
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2 votes
1 answer
396 views

Why do PDFs contain password hashes?

Reading this question about extracting PDF password hashes to feed into john the ripper has me wondering why password hashes are in a PDF in the first place? Shouldn't it be using the supplied ...
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0 answers
46 views

John the Ripper [duplicate]

I've already cracked a PDF with pdf2john but it doesn't show the password. What could be the problem? (The password isn't blank.)
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0 answers
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Android 10 downloaded suspicious files without my permission

This is my first question on this forum so please let me know if I need to clarify anything. My Android 10 Pixel 2 just downloaded 2 files without my permission today, both named something to the ...
15 votes
8 answers
3k views

Document security - how to find who's leaked a confidential document?

I am legally obliged to distribute a document (probably by email, probably saved as MS word, or a PDF) to several hundred recipients. The recipients are legally obliged to keep it confidential. ...
2 votes
1 answer
237 views

PDF User Password always give access to the Owner Password, even when encrypted with AES-128

I've been messing around with qpdf, and noticed something that seems huge: that a document's Owner Password is essentially useless, as it can be easily unset, and therefore that only the User Password ...
2 votes
1 answer
134 views

PDF Server Side 2020

I have been gathering information on handling PDF files for web applications. Much of my research has been on displaying the files to the user. What I want to learn here is how to properly handle the ...
2 votes
0 answers
120 views

PDF Documents - Browser View 2020

I posted a question yesterday about PDF files in a browser that can be found here. There you can find more information about dealing with PDF documents in browser. My question here is how each ...
3 votes
1 answer
741 views

PDF Documents in Browser 2020

I have a project where I would like to allow a user to view a document (PDF) in their browser by clicking on a link or thumbnail of the file. They would be able to download said file. Ive just begun ...
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0 answers
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Can flattened pdf documents contain viruses? [duplicate]

While I came to this site from researching whether inactive (or flattened) PDF documents could contain viruses and have come across this link in this site, it does not answer my question. I need to ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Printing document on usb drive with confidential information on multi user computer

I have a pdf file with confidential information on a usb flash drive. This document needs to be printed on a multi user Ubuntu system. I want to prevent other users from seeing the content of the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
3k views

How can we embed an exe containing a payload into a pdf file [closed]

I have created an exe with a payload which gives me a meterpreter session. But I need to embed this exe into a pdf. Upon opening the pdf the exe ideally should get executed. Is there any way to do ...
0 votes
0 answers
220 views

Safest way to open PDFs on Android and iOS?

I was checking out Qubes' way of creating safe PDFs, but unless you use Qubes as a daily driver (and use DispVMs to open PDFs) it's still not viable to just use it to create image-based PDFs if you ...
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1 vote
1 answer
420 views

How likely are Evince, XReader or Adobe Reader with scripts disabled, to be exploited by a malicious file?

PDFs are very commonly found on the web, and I carefully either view them on the browsers, or use readers without the capability to run the scripts that may come with them (shitty design choice) like ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Could PDF's `/Filespec` type allow for remote file access?

I've read the PDF 1.7 spec 7.11.1 (okay, not all the spec, but a part of it), and I've seen that you have what Adobe calls /Filespec type objects. As far as I get it, this means that a PDF can make a ...
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1 answer
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Risks of allowing users to upload PDF and XML files to be stored/retrieved from a DB (ASPNET MVC 5)

I'm modifying an ASPNET MVC 5 web site and a requirement is to allow users to upload an XML and PDF file. The XML file will be used to layout text on the PDF based on variables coming from within the ...
5 votes
1 answer
922 views

Can the conversion of a malicious PDF to image be exploitable?

Let's say I want to allow to the customer's of my website to upload PDF documents. What would be more safe to do: Convert the PDF to image using a library and store it in my file server as an image? ...
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