Questions tagged [ssd]

A solid-state drive (SSD, also known as a solid-state disk although it contains neither an actual disk nor a drive motor to spin a disk) is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently.

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Is it possible to assess the integrity of an SSD's firmware using SMART results or drive details?

I recently bought a used SanDisk SSD and I am curious to know if there is any way to assess the integrity of its firmware using information such as SMART or drive details. In addition to SMART ...
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ATA Enhanced Secure Erase - why is everything 0?

I was erasing a SSD with ATA secure erase and thought about the following: When enhanced secure erase is performed on a SSD or NVMe which supports this operation, the master key which is used to ...
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Can SD cards on mobile phones and tablets truly be erased?

When performing a factory reset on Android devices, it is my understanding that the pointers to the data located in the SD card are simply erased while the data itself remains intact, waiting for ...
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How can I wipe an infected SSD [duplicate]

Recently my PC fell subject to some malware. The malware is hidden and all the antivirus software can't find/detect it. The things it has done so far is spyware like, it disabled System Restore from ...
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SSD supports hardware AES encrytion. hdparm does not report a "Security" section. Should I be concerned?

Note that this is a different case from similar question asked 7 years ago, here: hparm -I /dev/sda does not report a Security section - should I be concerned? In my case the SSD (part number: ...
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8 answers
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Have I properly destroyed my SSD?

I held every chip (without desoldering, they were still onboard) in a lighter flame for a minute or two. They started "popping" a little if that indicates anything. Then I drove a nail into ...
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If an SSD uses TRIM, is there any reason to destroy it physically to protect one's data?

If an SSD uses TRIM such as a Mac with TRIM support when it deletes files, I've been told that it is completely unrecoverable. Therefore, is it ever really better protection to physically destroy the ...
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Veracrypt SSD encryption security analysis vs HDD

I have a SSD and wanted to use Veracrypt for plausible deniability and protection against any & all level attacks e.g. state sponsored, non sponsored. My goal was to use a VM and place it in the ...
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If SSDs cannot be securely wiped then why can't we recover files after crypto virus attack?

It is my understanding that SSDs do not allow user to overwrite any specific file completely (wear-leveling). So in case of ransomware attack such as CryptoLocker, doesn't that mean there is still, ...
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9 votes
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Should I trust that the Android factory reset actually erases my data?

I bought a Galaxy S20 Fe, logged my LastPass in it and all of my accounts (google, twitter, etc). Now it has a malfunction and I'm going to have to send it back to get my money back. When I factory ...
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Reccomended way to securely erase SSD storage of a smartphone? [duplicate]

As far as what I understand there are different approaches and I have a few doubts regarding each of them: On the one hand, it seems that factory reset does not securely erase itself data from SSD ...
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Can data be stored anywhere else on a MacBook besides the SSD?

Imagine the following scenario: There exist all kinds of information on my SSD. Now I take away the SSD of my MacBook Pro, replace it, and reboot. I should have a MacBook that is on factory settings, ...
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If I re-install an encrypted version of Ubuntu on my laptop and fill my entire SSD up with a large .txt file, does this securely wipe the SSD? [duplicate]

I'm looking for an easy way to securely wipe the SSD of my Ubuntu machine. As I'm using a fairly new Dell XPS 13 and am quite a noob with Ubuntu I don't want to use any fancy commands, that might ...
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Can M.2 docking stations be used to make forensic images of (Bitlocker encrypted) M.2 disks?

I am looking into M.2 docking stations such as the Maiwo K3016S as shown below. Is it possible to use such docking stations optionally in combination with a USB- or software write-blocker, in order ...
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Data recovery from TRIMmed SSDs

Assuming a given SSD supports TRIM, and is on a physical bus that supports sending that command, and the connected computer is running an OS that is aware of TRIM: If the drive is formatted, or has ...
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What's the DRAT word of my SSD?

This article on forensicfocus.com says the following about Deterministic Read After TRIM (emphasis mine): As a result, the data returned by SSD drives supporting DRAT as opposed to DZAT can be all ...
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1 answer
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Does formatting an SSD securely delete all data?

This article on thomas-krenn.com states: Because an ATA trim will be performed by NTFS with Windows 7 or when formatting using Ext4 from mke2fs 1.41.10 or XFS from xfsprogs 3.1.0, the secure erase ...
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ATA Secure Erase is too fast

I have two SSDs in my laptop. one is SATA 500GB and the other is M.2 SATA 250 GB. I used the following steps for both to securly erase them so that I can sell the laptop: unfreeze the drives: sudo ...
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Securely erase firmware secret key

I have an SSD with the option (with ATA-commands) to erase the firmware for security reasons. In the firmware flash cells, the secret key is stored for encrypting the data on the fly. When I ask the ...
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Check TRIM space on SSD

Is it possible to 'view' the space that TRIM would take care of to see if that space was really wiped? I am using both Windows and Linux.
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Can I recover files that I had on windows from a SSD that I converted to apfs (mac) and which method or tool to use?

I had some files that I want to recover from windows, but I formatted the ssd drive to macos (apfs)? Is there a tool or method to recover those files?
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I snapped my micro SD card into 8 pieces before throwing it away. Should I be worried that someone can get my data?

The card was a 16gb SanDisk micro SD card (monolithic).
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How can one encrypt a file and be sure the original file can not be recovered on a SSD?

Let's say that I have an unencrypted file and I'm trying to encrypt it and make sure the original file can not be recovered from my disk. If I, for example, create an archive, put the file into it and ...
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Secure deletion on Android

My understanding is if I delete photo001.jpg, this deletes the index and assigns it to the free space to be overwritten. So this brings me onto my next scenarios. If I have a device capable of 8gb ...
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Can viruses of one ssd transfer to another ssd?

I have 2 ssds both with Windows 10. If I boot the 2nd ssd and start downloading infected files can my primary ssd be infected too?
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What degree of physical destruction is sufficient to ensure an SSD is not readable?

My organization has upgraded a few printers and decommissioned the internal SSD hard drives by passing the memory chips through a band saw, cutting each chip into halves, and in some cases tearing ...
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4 answers
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How to physically destroy an SSD at home?

SSDs seem to be notoriously tricky to properly erase (see for example this question and answers here). An easier and potentially safer solution could be to physically destroy the SSD device. I am ...
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How to securely erase the free space on an SSD in windows 10?

I would like to wipe ALL free space on my SSD which Windows 10 is installed on, so that no previously deleted file can be recovered. How can I achieve this?
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1 answer
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Can file recovery tools recover deleted small files from SSD drive's NTFS Master File Table?

According to this page and site, small files are kept in Master File Table when filesystem is NTFS. Let's assume that computer is using Windows 10 and a SSD drive with TRIM support. If a user ...
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3 answers
499 views

How sufficient are these steps to prevent deleted SSD files from being recovered?

I'm selling a 4-year-old Dell PC with Windows 10 and two SSDs and I want to be sure that nobody can recover anything from my personal deleted files. So far I've done the following. Completely ...
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Is Opal-based full disk encryption fully working for Linux? [closed]

I'd like to know to manage the password purely via the BIOS and not need to run any utility e.g. sedutil.
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Can SSD data be recovered through Forensic Explorer?

I am trying to recover deleted files from a SSD using Forensic Explorer. Once the image processing on the SSD had been completed using the write blocker, I opened up AccessData FTK Imager and then I ...
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Veracrypt system encryption on SSD, do I have to trim the disk right after finishing? How?

I want to encrypt my OS that is on an SSD (Windows 7, x64, mbr partition style). From what I know Veracrypt will encrypt the whole disk, not only the actual data. Not only! it will "fill" the empty ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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How does full disk encryption cater for overprovisoned disk space in flash devices and can this result in data leakage?

My understanding is that flash based devices such as SSDs are over-provisioned and do not advertise the additional blocks of storage available to the operating system. The over-provisioned blocks of ...
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Does the destruction of sensitive information limit the choice of hard drives to non-flash based devices?

Working with a non-profit organization,it's common to reuse hard drives that have previously stored highly sensitive information such as medical and financial records. This is primarily driven by cost-...
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Samsung EVO 970 SSD on laptop without TPM - secure erase, is the drive encrypted?

I have a Dell XPS 9550. This was shipped without a TPM. I have since installed a Samsung 970 EVO SSD which as I understand is a self-encrypting drive (SED) and, what I am not sure about is, it can be ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Is it possible to take an image of the firmware of HDD and SSD?

I suspect that both my HDD and SSD may be infected. Is it possible to take an image of the firmware? How do I go about doing it?
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Does full disk encryption offer mitigation in the case of the firmware of an SSD being compromised?

Suppose the firmware of an SSD or HDD has been compromised by rogue actors either through "interdiction" (interception) or via the internet. They are able to exfiltrate data and conduct surveillance ...
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Is it possible for the firmware of an SSD be infected by malware/malicious rootkits via the internet?

I am asking this because based on Snowden's relevations, bad actors "interdict" (intercept) shipments of routers, HDDs, SSDs, servers, etc., install malicious rootkits and spyware in the firmware and ...
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Remove malicious rootkits and spyware from HDDs and SSDs

I have read at least twenty articles dating from the time Edward Snowden's startling revelations about rogue nations and bad actors embedding malicious rootkits and spyware in the firmware of hard ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Secure erase partition only on SSD, not the whole thing

I have a 512 SSD which is partitioned into essentially two 256 areas. One for Windows, the other for Linux (Ubuntu). Neither is encrypted. I want to clean my system up, but am only concerned about the ...
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1 answer
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Secure way to wipe an entire SSD? [duplicate]

I've read some articles and they appear to suggest the idea of using the dd command to wipe an entire SSD before encrypting it. The drive in question is a Samsung 970 EVO PCIe NVMe V-NAND M.2 2280 ...
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Do Meltdown and Spectre affect other Intel products such as SSDs?

I've found a good deal on an Intel SSD but I don't want to worry about the security hole or the loss of performance from patching it.
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How does SSD with SED encrypt and decrypt data?

When you enter data and you want to save a file, the SED encrypts the data but where does the encryption process occur to be exact? Does SED encrypt data in memory before it gets to the disk? Or do ...
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8 votes
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Is GNU shred relevant for SSDs?

The Gutmann method, which apparently is used by GNU shred, has appeared in 1996, which focused on finding random 5 to 31 patterns and taking into account particular magnetic encoding. Considering ...
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90 votes
1 answer
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Wiping an SSD with Parted Magic seemed too quick

I'm selling a computer with an SSD (it's a Lenovo ThinkPad Carbon X1). I wiped the drive using Parted Magic. I used the ATA method. I'm not sure what that is but it was the only setting available. It ...
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TCG OPAL 2.0 Specification on technical Implementation?

Where can one find more technical information on the TCG OPAL 2.0 standard regarding how exactly the crypto has to been implemented in self encrypting drives? I couldn't find OPAL 2.0 implementation ...
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Bought a used surface book online, any security precautions to take? [duplicate]

I have purchased a used surface book from Ebay, unpackaged and ran the device. The low price of the device lured me in despite my adverse attitude to used devices. Is there anything I need to perform ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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SSD Wipe to remove known & unknown malware [duplicate]

Does anyone know of a method to wipe a HDD that gives a high degree of confidence that any malware present will not persist when the OS is reinstalled? Using tools on Linux and/or Windows? We have ...
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Is it secure to wipe a file in a Virtualbox disk if the vbox disk file is on an ssd?

Preface I searched for an answer to my question and found related questions which do not cover my question completely. Like: On SSD deleting: Can Widped SSD Data be recovered How to securely delete ...
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