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Questions tagged [sslstrip]

SSLstrip is an attack against mixed HTTP/HTTPS connection where a man-in-the-middle downgrades HTTPS links to HTTP.

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Bettercap not detecting HTTPS websites (?)

The built-in sslstripping feature (http.proxy.sslstrip) in bettercap is not working against HTTPS websites in this issue I will be using cygwin.com and winzip.com as an example, as we can see they are ...
LuckyCoder3607's user avatar
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2 answers
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What can be intercepted more easily, WiFi or Ethernet on a fully compromised router?

Assuming my router is compromised and someone has full access to it, which is easier to intercept: WiFi or Ethernet traffic? We're talking about only SSL traffic here.
noto77's user avatar
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How to perform MitM against SSL/TLS when certificate owned?

Performing a local network man-in-the-middle (MitM) attack is fairly straightforward, especially when the traffic is unencrypted HTTP. There are other approaches to encrypted SSL/TLS HTTPS connections,...
questioner's user avatar
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Redirect client to no SSL as MITM

I'm pen testing a setup where I have an AP that I control (using wifipumkin3) and DNS spoofing to redirect the known endpoint for a firmware update. When the device requests for an update, I'm ...
Bryan's user avatar
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1 answer
299 views

Can Proxy insert headers to a HTTPS requests which are on the same network?

I was reading about host header injection and found many reports on hackerone. Assume that if you inject X-Forwarded-Host header to specific requests, you may cause a redirect which can impact the ...
Malek's user avatar
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sslstrip showing an error [duplicate]

What should i do to get through https? I don't know whether sslstrip working or not. sslstrip -l 8080 /usr/share/offsec-awae-wheels/pyOpenSSL-19.1.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl/OpenSSL/crypto.py:12: ...
milyjelly 520's user avatar
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SSL stripping - how is it possible to send back the HTTP page? [duplicate]

Been trying to wrap my head around SSL stripping. An explanation here writes: Keep in mind, however, that when you install SSL, you’re essentially creating a duplicate of your website with HTTPS URLs....
banonazna's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
478 views

Does sslstrip have to do something with Bettercap's certificate?

I am trying to perform a MITM attack using bettercap against a website that doesn't have the HSTS security policy implemented at all. When I try the following command: bettercap -T ...
user241274's user avatar
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the difference between SSL pinning and using just HTTPS connection [duplicate]

I know that if i used HTTPS the connection will established after the handshake so (the user will ping the the link then the server will give him public key so the client can provide him with ...
seraj sherif's user avatar
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812 views

Monitor HTTPS URL logging of a specific device of a Network

Goal The main goal is to monitor all the URL logging (HTTPS) of a specific device in my Network. So I’m decided to buy a Security tool WifiPineApple from Hak5 store. Ex. Alexa, Chromecast, and maybe ...
code-8's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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sslstrip gives error "exceptions.AttributeError: 'int' object has no attribute 'splitlines'" when used with ettercap [closed]

I have 3 VM's running in VirtualBox. All 3 VM's are connected to a virtual network created from VirtualBox with the IP 192.168.56.1/24 For all VM's are configured Host only Adapter 1 Linux web ...
Enzio's user avatar
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SSL stripping - initiate HTTPS or HTTP first? [duplicate]

I am quite confused. I have been reading about SSL stripping and what I have found is that The client (victim) has to initiate the first connection via HTTP The server will redirect to HTTPS - here ...
nachofest's user avatar
22 votes
2 answers
5k views

Is there any point in having the HSTS header enabled when using HTTP/2?

As a protection against attacks such as SSLstrip, the HSTS header prevents an attacker from downgrading a connection from HTTPS to HTTP, as long as the attributes of the header are properly configured....
user96649's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is SSL-strip still viable as a method of attack?

Seeing as SSL-strip works by intercepting redirects and links to HTTPS, is this still a viable MITM attack now that most (all?) up to date browser go for HTTPS by default? Is there an alternative more ...
Jarmund's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Unable to downgrade https to http through sslstrip, arpspoof

I've been following this guide: https://www.cybrary.it/0p3n/using-sslstrip-in-kali-linux/ and others too, ex: official Sslstrip one: https://moxie.org/software/sslstrip/ without any success. I'm ...
lorelou's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
2k views

mitmproxy: Error starting proxy server: OSError(98, 'Address already in use') [closed]

I just installed mitmproxy tool. I want to run it. Once I type: sudo mitmproxy I get this error: Error starting proxy server: OSError(98, 'Address already in use') I searched and found some ...
randomname's user avatar
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sslstrip partially working

I'm currently working on a MITM + sslstrip attack educational talk to create awareness on the importance on checking certificates specially if connected to public WiFi and having strong WiFi passwords ...
9uzman7's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Prevent bypassing of SSL Pinning in android application

I am creating an android application which is able to ping the server for certain information and return them. There are a few methods by which a user can bypass the pinned SSL certificate of an ...
Akshansh Shrivastava's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Bettercap 2.x SSLStrip Is Not Converting Links

I have the latest version of bettercap. I have the latest version of Kali Linux using the latest version of VirtualBox on the latest version of Windows 10. My target machine is the latest version of ...
user21303's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
14k views

Bettercap 2.x SSLStrip Is Not Breaking TLS (Without HSTS)

I have the latest version of bettercap. I have the latest version of Kali linux using the latest version of VirtualBox on the latest version of Windows 10. My target machine is the lowest possible ...
user21303's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
508 views

How can I get MITM attack using sslstrip to work?

I performed the following steps: I modified iptables to forward to another port: iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --destination-port 80 -j REDIRECT --to-port 1000 I allowed port forwarding: ...
NonAlcoholicVodka's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
301 views

Experimenting with SSLStrip+ on the same machine

I am trying to play around to understand how SSLStrip+ works by: $ cat /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward 1 $ sudo iptables --flush $ sudo iptables --flush -t nat $ sudo iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p ...
HCSF's user avatar
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2 answers
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Clarification of details regarding an SSL Stripping Attack

I'm looking for clarification of some of the details of an SSL stripping attack. My current understanding is that: The attacker sits between the victim and a server. When the attackers receives an ...
user137481's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
594 views

Why are banks largely absent from the HSTS preload list?

There seems to be widespread support for the idea that election-related websites, of all things, should be resistant to man-in-the-middle attacks. The secret ballot makes detecting and recovering from ...
prhymethyme's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
172 views

After performing a SSL strip, can you upgrade back to HTTPS with your own encryption from the proxy?

Let's say you are performing a SSL strip. From what I can understand, it modifies either the client or server packets (in the http/https protocol), which indicate that it supports encryption to not ...
C.Christophe's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Why does bettercap and sslstrip work sometimes on Google and Facebook?

sslstrip and bettercap work “sometimes” on Chrome browsers on sites such as Facebook, Google, AOL, and other sites that use preload HSTS. Why does it work sometimes when it shouldn’t work at all?
AznBoyStride's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Bypassing HSTS and Public-key pinning with lookalike characters

Using lookalike character symbols to circumvent HSTS and public-key pinning with DNS spoofing via MITM Attack. Redirect: facebook.com --> faceḃook.com -- I have seen SSLStrip+ using the technique ...
safesploit's user avatar
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1 answer
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MITM: sslstrip + mitmdump

I'm doing some MITM injection with mitmdump (mitmproxy): mitmdump -s 'injection.py' -m transparent it works perfectly (over HTTP) as intended. Then I heard of SSLstrip : sslstrip -l 8080 which ...
grrr's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
11k views

Does sslstrip work only on websites which use both HTTP and HTTPS?

Does sslstrip attack only work on websites which uses both HTTP and HTTPS? On Quora a commenter says that: One thing to note is that, SSL Strip only works on websites which uses both HTTP & ...
Hasan's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
190 views

Intercept data after sslstrip

I am able to use sslstrip successfully as shown here https://moxie.org/software/sslstrip/ What I want to do though is be able to use sslstrip with another proxy/script to modify requests/responses ...
James's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
419 views

SSLStrip redirects too many times

I am attempting to use SSLStrip on a website which has HSTS disabled, I specifically type the website URL with http:// and it refuses to load in Safari, Chrome and a random chinese browser because of ...
Palash Taneja's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
523 views

Can enforcing a website to serve SSL requests only prevent SSLstrip from working?

I understand running a website with HSTS can help prevent an attacker using KRACK to downgrade the website to serve HTTP requests. What if our web server does not support HSTS? IIS has a setting ...
cflyer's user avatar
  • 503
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

SSLStrip2 and HSTS

I have a question concerning the usage of SSLstrip2 to bypass HSTS on websites. I managed to successfully install and deploy SSLStrip2 (in combination with DNS2Proxy). This means that when using a ...
Toine-L's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is this possible with SSLsplit?

SSLsplit supports plain TCP, plain SSL, HTTP and HTTPS connections over both IPv4 and IPv6. For SSL and HTTPS connections, SSLsplit generates and signs forged X509v3 certificates on-the-fly, based on ...
user6769219's user avatar
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0 answers
174 views

Mitf SSLStrip2 Can HSTS still be Bypassed [duplicate]

So back in 2015 there was a lot of talk about a method in which HSTS could be bypassed. Basically here is the method: Most people type a url without adding http:// or https:// or simply click a link ...
NULL's user avatar
  • 503
1 vote
1 answer
298 views

How to include HSTS policy in dns replies packet

I want to protect the clients from sslstrip attack. HSTS should be used. But HSTS does not protect the first visit of the client to the server. So I want to include HSTS policy in dns replies and send ...
kst's user avatar
  • 299
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Is Android Gmail app susceptible to MITM, sslstrip? If yes, how?

My scenario: I connected to an open WiFi at Kuala Lumpur Airport to read a news site from home (I know I was being absolutely careless). I forgot to turn off sync on my Android phone, so all my apps "...
Itarill's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
38 views

Why doesn't Google login enforce ssl redirect at the server end? [duplicate]

I was playing about with ssl strip against an ie8 target, just for learning more about it. To my surprise I was able to capture the credentials of the ie8 victim when signing into Google accounts. I ...
fpghost's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
95 views

Do we need vpn now that we have browser with https enabled? [duplicate]

I understand that vpn is used to encrypt our data before sending it to a server on the internet so that no one can read our data (for eg in man in the middle attack). Now that we have browser with ...
user1825567's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
324 views

Is it possible to prevent SSL stripping attack via DNSSEC or IPSEC?

I am pondering about SSL Stripping attack. But is there any way to prevent this attack by DNSSEC or IPSEC?
Hasan's user avatar
  • 101
3 votes
1 answer
3k views

Setting up a fake AP - problem with iptables and DNS server

Im trying to set up a fake AP using aircrack-ng suite, DHCP server & iptables. After creating the fake AP: airmon-ng start wlan1 airbase-ng -c 11 -e "freewifi" wlan1mon running iptables ...
eyal360's user avatar
  • 131
3 votes
1 answer
706 views

Can HTTPS-Everywhere Prevent An SSL-Stripping Attack?

If I set HTTPS-Everywhere to block all unencrypted requests, and my connection is man-in-the-middled by a malicious Tor exit node when I connect to a website that, by default, uses HTTPS, then will ...
user311982's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
671 views

SSL Strip Injection Point

I am reading up on SSL stripping and I have a fundamental question on the injection point that makes this MITM attack a success. I understand the typical scenario - A (victim) <-- plain --> M (...
katrix's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
880 views

Why do we redirect port 80 traffic for SSLstrip and not 443? [duplicate]

I watched a video on youtube about using SSLstrip after conducing a MITM using arpspoof. The video, unfortunately, didn't provide any information about how it works. During the video, the guy typed ...
7_R3X's user avatar
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34 votes
6 answers
33k views

Can a secure cookie be set from an insecure HTTP connection? If so, why is it allowed?

With reference to some security paper I read, I found out that a cookie with the secure flag set can only be sent by the client over connections that are using HTTPS, not HTTP, but the cookie itself ...
mfs's user avatar
  • 541
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

MITM without spoofing (Decrypt sites with SSL + HSTS)

I am developing a security information lab. My Kali notebook is connected to my regular wifi (this is my Internet source) and the eth0 is connected in the LAN interface of a wireless router (this is ...
wesleyit's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
731 views

SSL Strip on Fedora24

I want to perform a MITM attack on my own network, and followed several tutorials on how to use sslstrip, iptables and arpspoof. But every time I perform the attack, I lose the connection on the ...
fullcowl's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
704 views

Is it possible to modify SSLStrip such that the client has an HTTPS connection?

I've only seen examples of this type of MITM attack stripping SSL completely and this isn't ideal as most devices warn their users when the connection is not secured. So is it possible to create the ...
Ognian Mirev's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
657 views

Is https safe enough as of now?

Because of my job I keep traveling around Europe, which means I keep connecting to all kinds of public wireless. In principle I could use a VPN and that should be always safe (is this statement right?...
Scarlehoff's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Can the network administrator of my university see what I have searched on Google?

Before you mark this one as a duplicate, I have indeed seen similar questions here but they do not provide the direct answer I'm seeking. Here are a few details: I've taken google as an example ...
ticktock's user avatar