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Questions tagged [sslstrip]

SSLstrip is an attack against mixed HTTP/HTTPS connection where a man-in-the-middle downgrades HTTPS links to HTTP.

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1 answer
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Bettercap 2.x SSLStrip Is Not Converting Links

I have the latest version of bettercap. I have the latest version of Kali Linux using the latest version of VirtualBox on the latest version of Windows 10. My target machine is the latest version of ...
0 votes
0 answers
112 views

Bettercap not detecting HTTPS websites (?)

The built-in sslstripping feature (http.proxy.sslstrip) in bettercap is not working against HTTPS websites in this issue I will be using cygwin.com and winzip.com as an example, as we can see they are ...
106 votes
5 answers
148k views

How does SSLstrip work?

I've been reading up on SSLstrip and I'm not 100% sure on my understanding of how it works. A lot of documentation seems to indicate that it simply replaces occurrences of "https" with "http" in ...
6 votes
0 answers
614 views

Why are banks largely absent from the HSTS preload list?

There seems to be widespread support for the idea that election-related websites, of all things, should be resistant to man-in-the-middle attacks. The secret ballot makes detecting and recovering from ...
0 votes
2 answers
2k views

What can be intercepted more easily, WiFi or Ethernet on a fully compromised router?

Assuming my router is compromised and someone has full access to it, which is easier to intercept: WiFi or Ethernet traffic? We're talking about only SSL traffic here.
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to perform MitM against SSL/TLS when certificate owned?

Performing a local network man-in-the-middle (MitM) attack is fairly straightforward, especially when the traffic is unencrypted HTTP. There are other approaches to encrypted SSL/TLS HTTPS connections,...
0 votes
1 answer
220 views

Redirect client to no SSL as MITM

I'm pen testing a setup where I have an AP that I control (using wifipumkin3) and DNS spoofing to redirect the known endpoint for a firmware update. When the device requests for an update, I'm ...
3 votes
2 answers
4k views

How to intercepting iOS HTTPS traffic

How can I intercept & parse through the SSL traffic (incoming & outgoing) generated by my iPad application?
0 votes
1 answer
331 views

Can Proxy insert headers to a HTTPS requests which are on the same network?

I was reading about host header injection and found many reports on hackerone. Assume that if you inject X-Forwarded-Host header to specific requests, you may cause a redirect which can impact the ...
0 votes
0 answers
37 views

sslstrip showing an error [duplicate]

What should i do to get through https? I don't know whether sslstrip working or not. sslstrip -l 8080 /usr/share/offsec-awae-wheels/pyOpenSSL-19.1.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl/OpenSSL/crypto.py:12: ...
1 vote
1 answer
496 views

Does sslstrip have to do something with Bettercap's certificate?

I am trying to perform a MITM attack using bettercap against a website that doesn't have the HSTS security policy implemented at all. When I try the following command: bettercap -T ...
0 votes
0 answers
322 views

SSL stripping - how is it possible to send back the HTTP page? [duplicate]

Been trying to wrap my head around SSL stripping. An explanation here writes: Keep in mind, however, that when you install SSL, you’re essentially creating a duplicate of your website with HTTPS URLs....
34 votes
6 answers
34k views

Can a secure cookie be set from an insecure HTTP connection? If so, why is it allowed?

With reference to some security paper I read, I found out that a cookie with the secure flag set can only be sent by the client over connections that are using HTTPS, not HTTP, but the cookie itself ...
6 votes
2 answers
3k views

How to secure or (Ensuring Integrity) of Web Data in transit and in store?

Consider (usual scenario) You own a Shopping Cart Website and hosted on Internet, now, your hosting company provides you database to store your data. If talking about security, we need it for: ...
0 votes
0 answers
55 views

the difference between SSL pinning and using just HTTPS connection [duplicate]

I know that if i used HTTPS the connection will established after the handshake so (the user will ping the the link then the server will give him public key so the client can provide him with ...
0 votes
0 answers
866 views

Monitor HTTPS URL logging of a specific device of a Network

Goal The main goal is to monitor all the URL logging (HTTPS) of a specific device in my Network. So I’m decided to buy a Security tool WifiPineApple from Hak5 store. Ex. Alexa, Chromecast, and maybe ...
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

sslstrip gives error "exceptions.AttributeError: 'int' object has no attribute 'splitlines'" when used with ettercap [closed]

I have 3 VM's running in VirtualBox. All 3 VM's are connected to a virtual network created from VirtualBox with the IP 192.168.56.1/24 For all VM's are configured Host only Adapter 1 Linux web ...
0 votes
0 answers
21 views

SSL stripping - initiate HTTPS or HTTP first? [duplicate]

I am quite confused. I have been reading about SSL stripping and what I have found is that The client (victim) has to initiate the first connection via HTTP The server will redirect to HTTPS - here ...
1 vote
0 answers
881 views

Why do we redirect port 80 traffic for SSLstrip and not 443? [duplicate]

I watched a video on youtube about using SSLstrip after conducing a MITM using arpspoof. The video, unfortunately, didn't provide any information about how it works. During the video, the guy typed ...
22 votes
2 answers
5k views

Is there any point in having the HSTS header enabled when using HTTP/2?

As a protection against attacks such as SSLstrip, the HSTS header prevents an attacker from downgrading a connection from HTTPS to HTTP, as long as the attributes of the header are properly configured....
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Unable to downgrade https to http through sslstrip, arpspoof

I've been following this guide: https://www.cybrary.it/0p3n/using-sslstrip-in-kali-linux/ and others too, ex: official Sslstrip one: https://moxie.org/software/sslstrip/ without any success. I'm ...
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Is SSL-strip still viable as a method of attack?

Seeing as SSL-strip works by intercepting redirects and links to HTTPS, is this still a viable MITM attack now that most (all?) up to date browser go for HTTPS by default? Is there an alternative more ...
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Is Android Gmail app susceptible to MITM, sslstrip? If yes, how?

My scenario: I connected to an open WiFi at Kuala Lumpur Airport to read a news site from home (I know I was being absolutely careless). I forgot to turn off sync on my Android phone, so all my apps "...
-1 votes
1 answer
2k views

mitmproxy: Error starting proxy server: OSError(98, 'Address already in use') [closed]

I just installed mitmproxy tool. I want to run it. Once I type: sudo mitmproxy I get this error: Error starting proxy server: OSError(98, 'Address already in use') I searched and found some ...
18 votes
5 answers
11k views

Is using "HTTPS everywhere" extension secure?

I would like to know if one should use 'HTTPS everywhere' extension? Is it secure to use it? Are there any better alternatives? HTTPS Everywhere is a Firefox and Chrome extension that encrypts ...
2 votes
3 answers
14k views

Bettercap 2.x SSLStrip Is Not Breaking TLS (Without HSTS)

I have the latest version of bettercap. I have the latest version of Kali linux using the latest version of VirtualBox on the latest version of Windows 10. My target machine is the lowest possible ...
0 votes
0 answers
454 views

sslstrip partially working

I'm currently working on a MITM + sslstrip attack educational talk to create awareness on the importance on checking certificates specially if connected to public WiFi and having strong WiFi passwords ...
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Prevent bypassing of SSL Pinning in android application

I am creating an android application which is able to ping the server for certain information and return them. There are a few methods by which a user can bypass the pinned SSL certificate of an ...
245 votes
14 answers
48k views

My college is forcing me to install their SSL certificate. How to protect my privacy?

My college administration is forcing us to install Cyberoam Firewall SSL certificate so that they can view all the encrypted traffic to "improve our security". If I don't install the certificate than ...
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Why does bettercap and sslstrip work sometimes on Google and Facebook?

sslstrip and bettercap work “sometimes” on Chrome browsers on sites such as Facebook, Google, AOL, and other sites that use preload HSTS. Why does it work sometimes when it shouldn’t work at all?
3 votes
0 answers
304 views

Experimenting with SSLStrip+ on the same machine

I am trying to play around to understand how SSLStrip+ works by: $ cat /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward 1 $ sudo iptables --flush $ sudo iptables --flush -t nat $ sudo iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p ...
1 vote
0 answers
519 views

How can I get MITM attack using sslstrip to work?

I performed the following steps: I modified iptables to forward to another port: iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --destination-port 80 -j REDIRECT --to-port 1000 I allowed port forwarding: ...
1 vote
2 answers
365 views

Clarification of details regarding an SSL Stripping Attack

I'm looking for clarification of some of the details of an SSL stripping attack. My current understanding is that: The attacker sits between the victim and a server. When the attackers receives an ...
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is this possible with SSLsplit?

SSLsplit supports plain TCP, plain SSL, HTTP and HTTPS connections over both IPv4 and IPv6. For SSL and HTTPS connections, SSLsplit generates and signs forged X509v3 certificates on-the-fly, based on ...
2 votes
1 answer
175 views

After performing a SSL strip, can you upgrade back to HTTPS with your own encryption from the proxy?

Let's say you are performing a SSL strip. From what I can understand, it modifies either the client or server packets (in the http/https protocol), which indicate that it supports encryption to not ...
1 vote
2 answers
621 views

Does Skype Trump SSLStrip?

I am using SSLStrip against my own computer, but am not being redirected to HTTP. Skype automatically starts up and logs in at my computer's startup, so I was wondering whether the fact that port 80 ...
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Bypassing HSTS and Public-key pinning with lookalike characters

Using lookalike character symbols to circumvent HSTS and public-key pinning with DNS spoofing via MITM Attack. Redirect: facebook.com --> faceḃook.com -- I have seen SSLStrip+ using the technique ...
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

MITM: sslstrip + mitmdump

I'm doing some MITM injection with mitmdump (mitmproxy): mitmdump -s 'injection.py' -m transparent it works perfectly (over HTTP) as intended. Then I heard of SSLstrip : sslstrip -l 8080 which ...
26 votes
3 answers
7k views

Bypassing HTTP to HTTPS cached 301 redirect to use SSLstrip

I'm doing some pen. tests on a HTTPS (443) server that does not have HSTS implemented (no HSTS headers on response and the address is not on Chrome HSTS preload list). The problem is that in my ...
10 votes
3 answers
11k views

Does sslstrip work only on websites which use both HTTP and HTTPS?

Does sslstrip attack only work on websites which uses both HTTP and HTTPS? On Quora a commenter says that: One thing to note is that, SSL Strip only works on websites which uses both HTTP & ...
2 votes
2 answers
526 views

Can enforcing a website to serve SSL requests only prevent SSLstrip from working?

I understand running a website with HSTS can help prevent an attacker using KRACK to downgrade the website to serve HTTP requests. What if our web server does not support HSTS? IIS has a setting ...
1 vote
0 answers
192 views

Intercept data after sslstrip

I am able to use sslstrip successfully as shown here https://moxie.org/software/sslstrip/ What I want to do though is be able to use sslstrip with another proxy/script to modify requests/responses ...
1 vote
1 answer
421 views

SSLStrip redirects too many times

I am attempting to use SSLStrip on a website which has HSTS disabled, I specifically type the website URL with http:// and it refuses to load in Safari, Chrome and a random chinese browser because of ...
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

SSLStrip2 and HSTS

I have a question concerning the usage of SSLstrip2 to bypass HSTS on websites. I managed to successfully install and deploy SSLStrip2 (in combination with DNS2Proxy). This means that when using a ...
1 vote
1 answer
394 views

SSLStrip not working on custom ports

I have been using sslstrip for a while and it works fine on websites on which HSTS is not enabled. However when the SSL server is running on some custom ports sslstrip fails. eg: For links like https:/...
15 votes
2 answers
14k views

HSTS bypass with SSLstrip2 + DNS2proxy

I am trying to understand how to bypass HSTS protection. I've read about tools by LeonardoNve ( https://github.com/LeonardoNve/sslstrip2 and https://github.com/LeonardoNve/dns2proxy ). But I quite don'...
0 votes
0 answers
174 views

Mitf SSLStrip2 Can HSTS still be Bypassed [duplicate]

So back in 2015 there was a lot of talk about a method in which HSTS could be bypassed. Basically here is the method: Most people type a url without adding http:// or https:// or simply click a link ...
4 votes
1 answer
734 views

SSL Strip on Fedora24

I want to perform a MITM attack on my own network, and followed several tutorials on how to use sslstrip, iptables and arpspoof. But every time I perform the attack, I lose the connection on the ...
1 vote
1 answer
310 views

How to include HSTS policy in dns replies packet

I want to protect the clients from sslstrip attack. HSTS should be used. But HSTS does not protect the first visit of the client to the server. So I want to include HSTS policy in dns replies and send ...
4 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why does sslstrip+ fail to intercept the traffic from websites like facebook and gmail?

I have been reading an article about sslstrip and mitm. Before the introduction of HSTS it was possible to strip ssl and send an insecure http page to the victim. Anyway it was overcome by using HSTS ...