Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about names of attacks, vulnerabilities, concepts, etc.

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6answers
3k views

Does phishing include ransomware?

Does the definition of phishing also include tricking the victim into executing malware, such as ransomware, that's not used to retrieve the victim's information? As I see it, Wikipedia's definition ...
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1answer
171 views

Textbook uses terminology like Double/Single Bastion Inline/T to describe firewall architectures. Are these terms used in professional environments?

I apologize for the weird wording of the question title, I was hitting the character count. I am taking a network security course in college and the textbook we use, Network Security Essentials: ...
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1answer
49 views

Is there a term for vulnerabilities the need 'help' from target vs vulnerabilities that can be exploited with no actions from the target?

I'm making a guideline for a bug bounty program and want to distinguish between bugs that require some kind of action on the target's behalf (eg clicking a suspicious link), vs vulnerabilities that ...
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0answers
89 views

What is cybersecurity landscape?

What does "cybersecurity landscape" mean? Is it a cyber threat trend?
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0answers
51 views

Is using URL parameters together with body parameters in a POST request a defined security anti-pattern?

It is technically allowed by many programming languages to supply parameters in POST requests as part of the URL, similar to a GET request. You can do this in addition to supplying parameters in the ...
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0answers
52 views

Difference between Attack Pattern and Attack Vector

I am learning about InfoSec and I always found these two terms Attack Pattern an attack pattern is an abstraction mechanism for describing how a type of observed attack is executed Attack Vector a ...
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0answers
39 views

Threat / Adversary / Trust / Security model, what is the difference?

In order to design and develop a secure system it is important to formulate a threat/adversary/trust/security model for the corresponding system to be able to evaluate the proposed system and help ...
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0answers
56 views

What's the term for a hash sent early and plain text revealed later?

I think there is a known pattern where you post the hash of a document, e.g. on Twitter, in order to have its time registered. You could then later publish the document and have it accredited for the ...
3
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1answer
143 views

MSTG-ARCH-7: All security controls have a centralized implementation

In the OWASP Mobile Application Security Checklist there is a requirement MSTG-ARCH-7 which reads: "All security controls have a centralized implementation". Now I'm struggling a bit by what ...
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1answer
88 views

Anti virus vs Anti malware? [duplicate]

What is the difference in anti malware like malwarebytes premium and an anti virus? Do I need both or would malwarebytes be enough?
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1answer
260 views

Is this considered DOM-XSS or self-XSS or both?

SCENARIO: A web page shows an error login page using these javascript lines <script> let queryParams = new URLSearchParams(window.location.search); document.getElementById("message")....
3
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2answers
115 views

Why is the term “nation state” used to refer to a government-sponsored effort in infosec, and is it accurate? [closed]

I work in infosec and as such, have read many whitepapers and been to many conference talks. I hear all the time, especially in conversation and literature about malware, the term "nation state" used ...
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0answers
49 views

What is securing an application platform called?

I'm searching for the right terminology for this element of cyber security. If I want to secure something like a PaaS for other applications to use, how is this usually called? It's not application ...
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1answer
82 views

Difference between Process and Practice in Information Security

I'm learning from the "Information Security" book and already know what the two terms policy and procedure mean. While these two terms are quite easy to distinguish: policy is what to do to secure ...
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1answer
76 views

What does “hijack” mean in networking security?

How should I understand the word "hijack" in network security? In Cloudflare's page about the Mirai botnet, there is a sentence: The Mirai botnet employed a hundred thousand hijacked IoT devices ...
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0answers
21 views

Name of 'smart brute force' attack against sequential cipher lock [duplicate]

I remember learning about an attack against sequential cipher locks - ones that don't have a 'reset' or 'enter', you just enter digits and as soon as the last n consecutive entries match, the lock ...
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1answer
224 views

Is there really such a thing as “script kiddies”? [duplicate]

All my life, well, at least since the late 1990s, I've heard of this concept of "script kiddies". Allegedly, it's a term to refer to young kids or teenagers who, apparently, are somehow able to find "...
4
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2answers
259 views

Why is the root in an Online CA model not a Single Point of Failure?

My textbook for CompTIA Security+ has the following practice question: In which one of following PKI Trust Models is the root NOT a single point of failure? Single CA Hierarchical CA ...
1
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1answer
538 views

What is the difference between “cipher” and “encryption”?

It seems as if they are either synonyms, or cipher was an older term for when they directly translated the same number (or almost same number) of "encrypted" characters into the same number of ...
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0answers
37 views

Risk, threat, vulnerability with an example

Given a situation where a system has SSL 3.0 and TLS 1.0 enabled would the following mapping be accurate: Weakness/vulnerability: The remote service accepts connections encrypted using TLS 1.0 and ...
24
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4answers
11k views

Why define CIA in security like this?

As we know CIA of the demand for security means: Confidentiality Integrity Availability I don't understand why define the "Integrity" and "Availability`, If we make a plaintext Confidentiality, the ...
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1answer
116 views

Should we consider Deepfakes and fakenews as disinformation or misinformation? [closed]

Cognitive hacking some say is a new type of hacking field and some say it is something that been there for many years. Exploring the chapters of WIKI and using projects like MisinfoSec, got me ...
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0answers
39 views

Name of security measure that shows user a personal word / phrase / drawing [duplicate]

I remember a security measure I've seen on a few sites in the past against phishing, but I don't know what it's called. When the user logs in, or just inputs their username, the site shows some kind ...
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0answers
46 views

Facial Recognition Attack Nomenclature

Is there a generally acknowledged term for spoofing facial recognition with a photo of the target face (Samsung smartphone facial recognition, not Apple FaceID (depth measurement)).
0
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1answer
151 views

What do i call this vulnerability Technically?

There is a site which hosts coding competitions for coding and placements. They issue certificates for winning the coding exam or at least get into the finale round. I did not participated in that ...
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0answers
123 views

Difference between IAG and IDM

What is the difference between Identity Management products (such as Forefront/MIM, PicketLink, OpenIDM) and Identity Access Governance tools (such as Sailpoint,Savyint, CyberArk)? Apologies for ...
2
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1answer
4k views

What is the difference between data owner, data custodian and system owner?

I just started studying up for the CISSP and am having trouble understanding few concepts: Data owner Data custodian System owner Somewhere I read: The data owner (information owner) is usually a ...
2
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1answer
46 views

The use of “over” in cryptography (as in “a hash over the key”)

This is the ultimate noob question. When reading discussions of cryptography, I often come across phrases like these: ...calculates a hash over the primary key... ...a key derivation function over a ...
0
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1answer
65 views

SNMP - need help with terminology

In many resources, I see that community strings are also called default passwords. But in the Server Manager, I see "Community name" and it makes more sense. So why people often use the phrase "...
2
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2answers
201 views

adaptive vs. non-adaptive adversaries; Is there a precise, unique and general definition?

In this Ethereum github page (Link to the page: https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/Sharding-FAQ#what-are-the-security-models-that-we-are-operating-under) there is a very brief definition of the ...
3
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2answers
2k views

What are client-side exploits

I am learning about cybersecurity and have read about client-side exploits. I know they are vulnerabilities/exploits and they target the client instead of a server. What are some examples of this and ...
2
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3answers
163 views

Terminology for reduced brute-force attack?

Many security algorithms today have such a large key length, that there's just no use in trying to brute-force a key. For example to find one AES-256 key you would have to try 2^255 keys on average. ...
2
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1answer
69 views

What's the difference between OVAL definitions, objects, and tests?

I'm trying to become more familiar with OVAL tst def and obj references in joval xml definition files. For example, I'll see stuff like: <criterion comment="Foo" test_ref="oval:org.mitre.oval:...
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2answers
3k views

What are the differences between HSM and SE?

What are the differences between a Hardware Security Module (HSM) and a Secure Element (SE)? Can both terms be used interchangeably? I came across various related question (TPM vs. HSM and TPM vs. SE)...
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3answers
7k views

What is the meaning of Triage in Cybersec world?

I searched Google about this term, but the definitions that I found was related to the medical world, and nothing related to IT. I think that is some kind of procedure of documenting something maybe? ...
4
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1answer
2k views

How do I interpret output that produces gpg listing keys?

Correct me where I'm wrong. There are public and private (or secret) keys. A public and a private key make up a keypair. Some keypairs are bound to the other ones. The former are called subkeys, the ...
2
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3answers
150 views

Confusing terminologies: Incident, alert, event, ticket [duplicate]

I am doing research on Security orchestration and automation response (SOAR) and three above terminologies make me very confused. We are currently following the workflow like: some security events ...
2
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2answers
115 views

Definition of information in ISO 2700x

I've searched through recent versions of ISO 27000, 27001 and 27002 and couldn't find definition of "information". Where can I find it? Is "information" defined anywhere? Or maybe I should look at ...
2
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1answer
409 views

What is a Security Guideline and how does it stand in relation with Standards, Policies, Procedures?

I'm currently working on the definitions-section of a paper. Therefore I have to define the term "Guideline" and how its relationship to other terms (Standards, Policies, Procedures) looks like. ...
1
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1answer
145 views

What is the difference between full end-to-end encryption and end-to-end encryption?

What is the difference between full end-to-end encryption and end-to-end encryption? Are there any differences between these two terms?
0
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1answer
323 views

What is a “security bod”?

This is a term I ran across in a blog post by Troy Hunt (which was linked from an answer on this site): I heard a perfect example of this just the other day when speaking to a security bod in a ...
0
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1answer
302 views

What's the relation between a Security Framework & Standards, Guidelines, Procedures and Policies?

I'm currently writing a paper about security standards. Therefore several terms have to be defined before I can actually start. The problem is that in every resource the term "Framework" is somehow ...
2
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1answer
45 views

Vocabulary matters: link between faults and weaknesses

I am trying to make the link between faults and weaknesses (As defined by Common Weaknesses Enumeration, a MITRE project). The word "fault" is generally used in the reliability domain, to designate ...
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2answers
1k views

What is difference between cracking and ethical hacking?

Today I read about ethical hacking and cracking. I read that ethical hacking is legal but cracking is illegal. The confusion came in my mind when I think that both are same. So how can we identify ...
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3answers
7k views

What does “in-house hash function” mean?

In security news, I faced a new term related to hash functions: it is reported that the "in-house hash function" used in IOTA platform is broken (i.e. Curl-P hash function). You can find the complete ...
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5answers
196 views

What does “hacked” actually mean? [duplicate]

In the context of a) information security and b) an operating system such as Windows 10 or OS X, what actually constitutes a "hack"? Most non-technical end-users associate the term "hack" with the ...
3
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3answers
723 views

Difference between white-box testing and secure code review

As far as I know, penetration testing can be divided into black-box, gray-box, and white-box testing. But then what about secure code review? Is it part of white-box testing or is it separate?
4
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2answers
201 views

How are ciphers related to cryptographic algorithms like DES or AES?

It looks like I am having a terminology issue here. In cryptography, we have stream ciphers and block ciphers. I understand their difference. We also have cryptographic algorithms like AES (Rijndael). ...
3
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1answer
344 views

What does Frank Abagnale mean by “Level 4 security” in his talk at Google?

During his talk at Google, Frank Abagnale mentioned the following: ...we will be doing away with passwords in the next 24 months. Passwords will leave the world, there will be no more passwords. ...
12
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4answers
6k views

Eavesdropping vs. sniffing

I'm taking a coursera course, and they take pains when talking about network security to distinguish between eavesdropping and sniffing. According to their definitions, sniffing involves reading or ...

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