Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about names of attacks, vulnerabilities, concepts, etc.

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26
votes
6answers
34k views

Difference between Privilege and Permission

I am a little confused on the contextual differences between permission and privilege from computer security perspective.Though I have read the definition of both the terms but it will be nice if ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Auditing, accounting, logging, and accountability… What's the difference?

Let's first look at the book Microsoft Windows Security Essentials: ... the three As (AAA) of security: authentication, authorization, and accounting ... they combine to contribute to reliable ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Does the md5 (or any hash for that matter) of a string include the null terminator?

Does the md5 (or any hash for that matter) of a string include the null terminator in its calculations? That is does the hash of a string equal the hash of the sequence of bytes that represents the ...
2
votes
1answer
641 views

What is the origin of the three factors of authentication?

The three factors of authentication - something you have, something you know, something you are - are ubiquitous in security literature, but I have yet to find a reference to the origin of the ...
6
votes
4answers
331 views

When should I use the word hacker, cracker, or black hat?

Everybody seems to have their own meaning of the word "hacker". To some, it's the good-guy vigilante with some non-professional characteristics. To others, it's the aggressor, bad-guy, cracker, or ...
0
votes
6answers
397 views

What sort of security method is this called (if it has a name)?

I have thought of a way of securing access to an application interacting with another application. Using this method Application 1 - "What is the sum of 1+1?" Application 2 - "3" Application 1 - "...
2
votes
2answers
174 views

Is there a term for a “Master + extension” style password scheme?

I personally have (and preach) a password system using a "root" password shared amongst many passwords, plus a unique password component. So for Gmail my password might be correcthorsebatterystaple + ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

What is a “cuckoo's egg”? [closed]

I remember that Clifford Stoll wrote a book called "The Cuckoo's Egg". In the book, the reader follows him as he pursues a hacker through networks across the world. I seem to recall that the title ...
2
votes
3answers
175 views

Are all vulnerabilities security related?

Are all vulnerabilities security related? When people talk about vulnerabilities and security vulnerabilities, are they the same concept? My understanding is that a vulnerability is the a weakness in ...
0
votes
1answer
195 views

What terms should I use to define security assessment work? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference between a penetration test and a vulnerability assessment? I am tasked with hiring a consultant to do an analysis of our infrastructure security for a ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Looking for a taxonomy of anonymization or re-identification properties

We are working with personally identifiable information that needs to be de-identified. Is there an existing hierarchy or taxonomy of different kinds of re-identification properties?
4
votes
1answer
697 views

What does colluded truncation attack mean?

I'm doing my final year engineering project. I went through some ieee papers and came across something called colluded truncation attack. Can someone explain what it is. I'm planning to do the project ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

What is War Dialing?

The topic says it all - I encountered the term in a PDF given to me. So ... what does the term/phrase 'War Dialing' mean?
8
votes
7answers
3k views

Definition of Software Security

I'm looking for a theoretical definition of Software Security. And I need to quote some book in an article. Most of the books starts already assuming that the user knows what that is, and they're ...
17
votes
1answer
6k views

Oligomorphism vs polymorphism vs metamorphism in malware

What is the difference between these three? As I understand it, polymorphic malware code actually is always the same, and it's just that it appears to be different (through encryption, data appending/...
8
votes
2answers
337 views

Vulnerability Assessments - Vulnerability Taxonomies?

All, First question on here so please be as gentle as you can :-) I've been looking around for any writings or papers on a standard for classifying vulnerabilities. Not from a severity/risk/impact ...
3
votes
3answers
797 views

How do I clearly distinguish between groups of formal and informal models?

I'm currently studying for the CISSP exam and would like to ensure that I'm using proper terminology when referring to models. I'm a little confused because I'm coming across generic and specific ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Malware nomenclature

If there a generally agreed upon naming convention for types of malware/virus? For example, are there agreed upon terms for virus, trojan, worm and the like? If one exists could someone explain it or ...