Questions tagged [threat-mitigation]

The elimination or reduction of the frequency, magnitude, or severity of exposure to risks, or minimization of the potential impact of a threat or warning.

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139
votes
8answers
31k views

I got an email threatening to DDOS me if I don't pay a ransom. What should I do?

I received the following email, addressed to me at an email address on my personal domain (for which I run my own mail server on a VPS): FORWARD THIS MAIL TO WHOEVER IS IMPORTANT IN YOUR COMPANY ...
138
votes
12answers
31k views

Is public Wi-Fi a threat nowadays?

In my opinion, arguments we have been using for years to say that public Wi-Fi access points are insecure are no longer valid, and so are the recommended remedies (e.g. use VPN). Nowadays, most sites ...
61
votes
5answers
93k views

What can an attacker do with Bluetooth and how should it be mitigated?

What are the security risks of Bluetooth and what technologies and best practices should be used to protect my device? What can an attacker do once a malicious device is paired with mine? ...
59
votes
1answer
4k views

What's the Impact of the CloudFlare Reverse Proxy Bug? (“#CloudBleed”)

In Project Zero #1139, it was disclosed that CloudFlare had a bug which disclosed uninitialized memory, leaking private data sent through them via SSL. What's the real impact?
57
votes
9answers
7k views

What can a company do against insiders going rogue and negatively affecting essential infrastructure?

In 2013, a Citibank employee had a bad performance review that ticked him off. The results were devastating: Specifically, at approximately 6:03 p.m. that evening, Brown knowingly transmitted a ...
56
votes
11answers
13k views

Are there “secure” languages? [closed]

Are there any programming languages that are designed to be robust against hacking? In other words, an application can be hacked due to a broken implementation, even though the design is perfect. I'...
47
votes
13answers
42k views

DDoS - Impossible to stop?

Is it possible - in theory - to stop1 a DDoS attack of any size? Many people claim it's impossible to stop DDoS attacks and tell me I just shouldn't mess with the wrong people on the internet. But ...
45
votes
5answers
6k views

Should web applications that are only accessible from a LAN be held to the same security standards as publicly accessible websites?

Many security measures are intended to protect against hostile users who want to abuse the software or get access to content they don't have permission to access. Things like CSRF protection, SQLi ...
20
votes
3answers
9k views

What risks do Cookieless sessions have? What are the mitigations?

I'm debating if I should support cookieless sessions in my web app. It would look something like this: http://www.example.com/(S(lit3py55t21z5v55vlm25s55))/orderform.aspx Since the URL is never ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does rfc6797 say “An HSTS Host MUST NOT include the STS header field in HTTP responses over non-secure transport.”

Why does the RFC prohibit the server from sending HSTS to the client over HTTP? I can see that if a HTTP client responds to that unsecure HTTP response it might cause that site to be inaccessible ...
15
votes
8answers
25k views

Encrypting files on Google Drive

It's my understanding files kept on Google Drive are not protected. I would like to have them encrypted so that to be able to view or modify them one must enter a password. I foresee a potential ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

Possible to prevent Juice Jacking by only connecting USB pins 1 & 4?

According to this accepted answer, there is no phone on the market today that is immune from "Juice Jacking"*. I think an easy way to mitigate this threat is to have a filter that blocks USB pins 2 &...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

Linux password changed. Is this an attack or a hardware glitch?

My Linux (Ubuntu 12.04) password suddenly changed last night and I'm not sure if this is an attack or just a hardware/user error. This is on a personal/non-server box. Several strange events led up to ...
13
votes
6answers
5k views

How can mini-computers (like Raspberry Pi) be applied to IT security?

It's no secret that thousands of $35 Raspberry Pi (Model B) computers have just shipped to people around the world. With these, and other similar types of computers becoming cheaper and more available,...
12
votes
3answers
6k views

Preventing a spoofing man in the middle attack?

I was humming along with my usual routine of listening to old Defcon videos trying to understand some of the basics of what's going on in the IT Security world, when I came across one explaining man ...
12
votes
2answers
23k views

What damage could be done if a malicious certificate had an identical “Subject Key Identifier”?

I'm looking at the the Subject Key Identifier attribute of a CA certificate and am trying to understand the role it plays in validation and infer how validating client software could get it wrong. ...
12
votes
1answer
5k views

How does adding a random serial number improve a certificate's security?

This article says: "Finding collisions is a tricky process, since it requires you to muck with the bits of the public key embedded in the certificate (see this paper for more details). Also, ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

How to stop/detect someone else registering a certificate for my domain

With the proliferation of low-cost automated CAs what can be done to mitigate the attack of someone doing a spear phishing attack to get a login to our webmail system, then using an automated service ...
11
votes
2answers
766 views

What are the new MDS attacks, and how can they be mitigated?

Several new hardware side-channels were discovered called MDS attacks, which allow reading arbitrary memory, like Meltdown. Many existing mitigations are useless against them. The relevant CVEs are: ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

What unique risks does MVC model binding bring to a website? What additional vigilance is needed?

From what I understand, "model binding" is where a website based on ASP.NET MVC or Ruby on Rails (there are others...) takes parameters in HTTP's GET statement and passes them as variables to code ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

What is preventing the widespread common use of MAC-type systems?

Overall question What is preventing the uptake of MAC systems such as SELinux/AppArmor in corporate and desktop computing environments? Why don't you think it isn't already widespread? I do not ...
10
votes
2answers
12k views

Are phone apps vulnerable to XSS or CSRF? (Webview, Phonegap, chrometab)

I need to provide evidence that CSRF or XSS is possible on a phone... using PhoneGap, a Webview, or specifically a "Chrome Tab" or iOS equivalent. I believe in theory this is possible, and mitigation ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

How will IPv6 affect DDoS mitigation techniques?

IPv6 introduces a much larger address space than IPv4 and with it there are many new techniques in creating and mitigating DDoS attacks. What are some examples of risks and mitigations? For example, ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Is it unwise to use Redis to store PII, private keys, and other secrets?

I'm reviewing a system that is using Redis to store all client secrets, private keys, and other things. The problem is that Redis loads the entire DB into RAM Since SSL's heartbleed, Rowhammer, and ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Mitigating the new attack on WPA2 involving PMKID

A new attack was discovered which allows cracking a WPA2 passphrase without needing to capture the 4-way handshake. While this doesn't weaken the password itself, it does mean that an attacker can ...
8
votes
9answers
4k views

Should I block visitors who seem to be probing my site?

I have detected some attempts to probe the security of my site. Should I blacklist their IP address? What are the considerations or tradeoffs to use in deciding when to block their IP address and ...
8
votes
2answers
555 views

How to keep using Java 6 securely, despite its unpatch vulnerabilities

Given that Java 6 is now deprecated by Oracle and there recently has been notification of a 0day (that will exist forever now that Oracle is not patching JRE6), what can we do to prevent drive-by ...
8
votes
2answers
736 views

How to mitigate the risk of a continuous integration service security breach?

We are using a Continuous Integration service to automatically run our product test suite. Every time we push code to our central Git repository production branch, the CI services is notified and ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

ASP.NET HTTP Response Splitting Attack

By default ASP.NET checks for HTTP Response Splitting attack when you do Response.Redirect: Response.Redirect("/MySite/Default.aspx?lang=foobar%0d%0aContentLength:%200%0d%0a%0d%0aHTTP/1.1%20200%20OK%...
8
votes
1answer
156 views

What considerations should apply for self service Renewing, Revoking, or Unrevoking a certificate?

I need to design a self service portal for renewing, revoking, and unrevoking a certificate and have come up with the following rules*: Renewal Certificates have a short term validity and need to ...
8
votes
1answer
785 views

Inconsistencies found in OpenID Provider's HTTP Headers. Which one is the most secure that I should imitate in my STS, and Relying Party?

I'm comparing the HTTP headers of the various providers (LiveID, Google, Yahoo, etc) and notice a broad inconsistency in implementation on the sign in page, sign out page, and subsequent pages. ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Do any Exchange hardening guidelines recommend disabling OWA Webready? Should they?

For the fourth time in over a year, Exchange OWA has put our internal network at risk due to a remote code execution flaw that exists on the server runtime. This risk is compounded by the fact ...
7
votes
2answers
469 views

Is there an HSTS equivalent for DNSSec?

Is there any way to set a DNSSec-always policy similar to how HSTS commands Web Browsers to always use HTTPS? This would mitigate a DNSSec-strip attack (similar to SSLStrip) I'm also unclear if this ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Is there any way I can block (or conditionally approve of) iFrames on the client side?

Given that iFrames are used in many common exploits, I'd like to conditionally disable iFrames except for sites that require it such as GMail, or MasterCard SecureCode. I also suspect the <object&...
6
votes
2answers
531 views

Is there a HSTS equivalent for specifying TLS version?

HSTS allows me to force clients to connect to my website using HTTPS, but it doesn't specify the version of SSL, TLS, or what ciphers I'm prohibiting. Is there any HSTS alternative or extension that ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

What are the security risks of the Service Bus, and how do you mitigate them?

The Service Bus is software that can be installed on Windows or rented on Azure and allows someone to relay SOAP/WCF information over the internet in the form of a XML over HTTPS payload. One risk ...
6
votes
3answers
624 views

What steps can you take to make offline cracking of SRP harder?

In the aftermath of the Blizzard hack, what steps can I take to make offline cracking of SRP more difficult? My question assumes that your database is already gone and that you implemented SRP more ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How to ensure that files uploaded by users do not contain any XSS code

I have been working on providing the security related to the XSS attacks. My website only allows following mime-types: XML, CSV, HTML, PLAIN, VND_WAP_WML, APPLICATION_ZIP, APPLICATION_PDF, ...
6
votes
1answer
170 views

What are Non-linear/backward overwrites?

I read some slides from the Black Hat USA 2012 conference, and I stumbled across the term non-­linear/backward overwrite, mentioned on slide 5 of the Exploit Mitigation Improvements in Windows 8 by ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Have any viruses leveraging the GPU been discovered in the wild? What is the mitigation?

This news article from 2010 discusses how a GPU can be used by a virus to avoid detection by common anti-malware/anti-virus software. The idea is to obfuscate the virus payload and leverage the GPU's ...
6
votes
2answers
11k views

How effective is the iOS “Send All Traffic to VPN” setting at deterring Wifi-based attacks?

iOS version 5 and newer has a setting for VPNs to "Send All Traffic" over that VPN. I think that sending all data to a trusted VPN target would ensure privacy of all communication sent over that WiFi ...
6
votes
2answers
352 views

Adaptive vs dynamic network security

In the context of network security, when we say adaptive network, what does it really imply? In other words, what does an adaptive network do to be adaptive? Is it similar to saying dynamic network? ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I block LinkedIn from extracting data from Microsoft Exchange Server?

LinkedIn now offers the ability to take a real user and password from the end user and connect to Exchange Server for the purpose of importing contacts into their system. (To do this yourself, click ...
5
votes
5answers
6k views

How to mitigate SSL based DDoS attacks?

as you probably know the problem with SSL based DDoS attacks is, that the traffic cannot be analysed and filtered by a DDoS mitigation service provider such as Prolexic, Akamai, Radware, etc. without ...
5
votes
2answers
734 views

Stolen Laptop - Next steps

My laptop (modded 2007 Macbook Pro) was stolen 2 days ago when I didn't pay attention to my backpack in a tourist spot in Europe and while I'm quite certain they won't have much use for it (the apple ...
5
votes
1answer
701 views

Are latency based Proof-of-Work systems capable of preventing DDoS attacks on popular hidden tor services (.onion websites)?

I was reading an interesting article found here: http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/techreports/UCAM-CL-TR-703.pdf It's titled "Lazy Susan: dumb waiting as proof of work". It suggested the following in section ...
5
votes
2answers
282 views

Should I test my SSL certificate for “RSA Shared Primes” before using it?

There are several papers from 2012 that say it's possible to factor several moduli by factoring shared primes. The link above includes python sourcecode to verify and test for this fact. Given this ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

ASLR Randomization BSS

Here is some code: #include <stdio.h> #include <string.h> char globalbuf[256]; void function(char *argv) { char localbuf[256]; strcpy(localbuf, argv); strcpy(globalbuf, ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

What are best practices for secure admin access management to critical 3rd party cloud application in big companies?

I've always wondered how can we manage admin access to critical 3rd party resources (social media, SaaS CRM, etc) in big companies to mitigate: The administrator might leave the company without ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

What is “half PFS” protection, and what protocols or configurations apply to it?

I'm looking for a list of scenarios and protocols that are vulnerable (or not vulnerable to) half-PFS protection. Half PFS, as I understand it, is where the communication between a client and server ...