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Questions tagged [wpa2]

Security protocol (IEEE 802.11i) developed by the Wi-Fi Alliance to protect wireless networks.

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Cannot capture WPA handshake on macOS by any means

In my free time I go in for pen testing and wireless security using my 2018 MacBook Pro. I have been trying to capture 4-way WPA handshake using 3 various tools: airport command, tcpdump and Apple's ...
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How can I crack WPA2 hash with some limitations? [duplicate]

I want to crack an 8 character password, but I know this password doesn't contain more than 4 symbols, 4 uppercase letters, 4 lowercase letters and 4 numbers, and it contains at least 2 symbols, 2 ...
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What level of vulnerability has this WPA2 system?

I designed a WiFi host whose password contains a truncated SHA256 hash of a password + the time it was set. For example, “password2019-12-25-12:59” hashed to “acd2775f” which is truncated to 8 ...
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Connect with a WPA2 hash instead of cracking it

When stealing a WPA2 hash from a packet, why do you need to use brute force to find out the original password instead of just sending the router the hash itself and connect with it to the router?
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Is this the signature of a KRACK attack?

A router (or one spoofing as a router) unilaterally sent to a client an EAPOL packet 1 of 4, and then immediately sent 5 packets of EAPOL packet 3 of 4. Is this the signature of a KRACK attack? And ...
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How could a WPA2 WiFi with a 40+ character random password have been penetrated

I can confirm an intrusion from an unknown MAC address (identified as a Realtek device), getting a new, valid IP from the DHCP pool, and using the network for roughly 1 hour. The network is WPA2 - 1 ...
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Is WPA2 TKIP+AES with WPS disabled and strong keys secure? What about WPA2 Enterprise against a RADIUS server?

With all the recent vulnerabilities in WPA2 and so many low quality posts/articles in the internet about WPA2 security I am not being able to fully understand the risks of WPA2. Is WPA2 Personal ...
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Full Picture of Cracking Coffee Traffic [duplicate]

I'm trying to get a full answer to an interview question I got asked a while ago that keeps coming back to haunt me at night. Hoping that I can get a clearer picture of it here, or at least a link to ...
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Is it beneficial to know the first char of a wpa2 hash [duplicate]

All I will need to check is AAAAAAAA - AZZZZZZZ. So I will only have to check the A's but will checking the A's be faster knowing the first char , I can't see why it would be as it would have to ...
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327 views

How long to crack an 8 character WPA2 hash if first char is known

I know the first char is A and it's all upper alphanumeric. Is there a way to estimate how long a mid level single GPU using hashcat would take to crack it?
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Has Wi-Fi hacking gotten almost impossible?

I have read about Wi-Fi password cracking for a while and used different tools my self, such as: Airodump for monitoring Aicrack for getting key from cap files for WEP/WPA/WPA2 Reaver for WPS Bully ...
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How can I secure Wifi against these specific attacks?

I have found myself in a situation where I need to setup a somewhat secure Wifi network. I am primarily concerned about these attacks, however I welcome any advice about other attacks that I should be ...
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Why doesn't the fluxion attack steal credentials when authenticating to the network?

I ask this question because i am not happy with the answer here In a normal attack such as fluxion. You send DEAUTH packets to the victim wifi. Clone their access point and host an open wifi. Let ...
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WPA2 Security for Security System/IoT

How safe are WiFi modules/devices for use in security systems or even IoT? How effective are dictionary and brute-force attacks in cracking WPA2? Online tutorials I've seen such as this claim to be ...
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Why do evil twin attacks against WiFi use a captive portal?

I was recently the victim of an evil twin attack on my WiFi network, probably by the new upstairs neighbors. It prompted me, with a captive portal, saying there had been an update and I needed to ...
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MIC vs PTK, what's the difference?

What is the difference between a MIC and a PTK and how applications like Aircrack-ng and Pyrit are concerned about? note I'm only concerned with WPA2-PSK From my research, a PTK is the pairwise ...
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Why are WPA2 passwords longer than 16 bytes more secure than 16 byte passwords?

In this good Information Security StackExchange question, the answers reveal that a long WPA2-PSK password does not degrade performance of the network. The reasoning is that the password itself is ...
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Generating passwords with rule: the contents within a 10 characters string must maintain a certain ratio of numbers and letters in no particular order

I'm playing around with Kali and am looking to crack my WPA2 default password. I started generating 10 character passwords with a charset of solely digits and upper alpha lastnight and after 10 mins, ...
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Is it safe to login using HTTP on a WPA2 protected home network?

I have a small network infrastructure in my home on which I'm hosting some services such as a website, file server and such. Many of those services have an administration web interface which isn't ...
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Key reinstallation attack how does it work without a pre-shared key?

The author of the key reinstallation attack released scripts on Github to test AP and clients. To test the clients, you have to connect to a fake AP but you still need to know the pre-shared key. Of ...
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WPA2 Enterprise: no risks for preconfigured clients when it comes to Rogue APs?

We are using, as default, PEAP and MS-CHAPv2 as inner authentication. I was concerned with security risks when it comes to rogue APs but a colleague told me that there are no risks for preconfigured ...
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is it possible to evil twin a WPA 2 Wifi using one of EAP methods?

the same as fluxion but without the captive portal just like this video Stealing 802.1x Credentials with Rogue AP & RADIUS server he was able to get the username and the password of an EAP wifi ...
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Can a rogue client bypass the Wi-Fi Access Point?

Let's assume that one client contains malware, and that it belongs to a Wi-Fi network protected with WPA2/Personal (hence, via a password known to the piece of malware), where some other vulnerable ...
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144 views

How to protect your wifi traffic from sniffing if untrusted people know the password?

WPA2 PSK is used to encrypt packets to and from a router. All the members on the network have the wifi password, so theoritically if one of them is untrustable they could be able to capture and ...
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Securely connecting a wifi client to an AP using a generated password

I have two embedded systems, one acting as an AP with WPA2 and the other as a client. The idea is for a user to connect their client to the AP without any setup, so the authentication will all be ...
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125 views

What has to occur for a hacker to monitor traffic from my LAN?

I understand that if you change your network card from managed mode to monitor mode you will be able to monitor and sniff the traffic of your local network plus all the access points around you. My ...
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How WPA supplicant can determine whether switch supports authentication or not?

If a client(supplicant) configure to perform EAP-TLS authentication connects with a switch which doesn't requires authentication. How can supplicant determine that authentication is not required and ...
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196 views

Create Evil Twin with encryption and intercept input

I know how to create an Evil Twin of a WiFi network using Hostapd. However, I can only create an unencrypted network with eventually a fake login page. While this can be work with some kind of ...
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How can a 802.11 client verify the authenticity of an AP it is trying to connect to?

With the onset of hardware like the WiFi pineapple, it has become somewhat harder to protect the privacy of your WiFi network. WPA2 Enterprise with Radius authentication could come to rescue here, but ...
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323 views

Sniffing router's WiFi traffic

Let's say someone already has my key and is logged in my wifi network and also has access to my router. Catching the four-way handshake for the hacker is important to see my web traffic. If he wants ...
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Details of a good WPA2 pre-shared key (password)?

From the following answer, I understand a strong pre-shared key must be 15 characters at minimum and randomly generated: https://security.stackexchange.com/a/56646/37051 However, from other reading, ...
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Will WPA Enterprise give any advantage on home network with one user?

I understand some of the reasons why WPA Enterprise is more secure from this question: Why is WPA Enterprise more secure than WPA2? However, given a home network with only one single user where that ...
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Implementation of PMKID computing function

I am trying to implement a function, let's say in Python to compute Pairwise Master Key Identifier (PMKID) after reading the previously discovered bug in WPA2. Googling gave me this logical statement: ...
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Mitigating the new attack on WPA2 involving PMKID

A new attack was discovered which allows cracking a WPA2 passphrase without needing to capture the 4-way handshake. While this doesn't weaken the password itself, it does mean that an attacker can ...
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Why does a deauth attack work on WPA2 despite encryption?

Given that WiFi packets should be encrypted if WPA2 is used, why is it that a deauth attack can be successful? Shouldn't the machine know that the message is illegitimate due to the fact that it would ...
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557 views

EAPOL messages in different WPA handshakes

I have a pcap file with two captured packets only. Time Protocol Info 0.000000 EAPOL Key (Message 3 of 4) 2934.200222 EAPOL Key (Message 2 of 4) I already know, ...
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What is EAPOL payload in WPA2 Cracking?

I am currently working on a python script to crack WPA2. From this SO question: How exactly does 4-way handshake cracking work? I've all of the necessary fields as described, i.e. Addresses, NONCES,...
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Finding wpa2 key length

Is it possible to determine WPA key length through a successful handshake? Below is a screen capture showing the packet capture session of interest as displayed in Wireshark: My question came from ...
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Decrypting 802.11 packets captured through wireshark [duplicate]

I created my own network with security of WPA2-PSK, so I know the SSID, and password. I then connected 2 devices (A and B) to this network and started capturing B's traffic from A using wireshark in ...
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Can brute force or dictionary attacks be detected when using the WiFi protocol?

Can the WiFi protocol recognize when a brute force or dictionary attack on it is occurring? WiFi gives the user an authentication failed message after entering an incorrect WiFi password several times....
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Using airolib-ng with crunch and then using the file using aircrack-ng gives unexpected result

I'm using airlib-ng and crunch to generate password Database and use that Password Database in aircrack-ng to crack the Captured Handshake of a WPA2 Wireless Network. Here are my terminal Commands ...
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Am I supposed to find non-wifi devices in 802.11 frames of WPA2 encrypted wifi?

I recently tuned in on my access point to see what data is visible despite encryption. Am I supposed to find MAC addresses of my non-wifi clients in the 802.11 frames and is this part of the protocol ...
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Why WPA2 did not design a PTK based on asymmetric cryptography?

I was shocked to learn how the PTK is crafted from the PMK in WPA2 WiFi. PMK is made with crypt_hash(SSID + PSK). OK, seems good. Then, the client and the Access Point (AP) make the famous 4 way ...
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322 views

Does getting a challenge and response with hostapd-wpe mean that credentials were sent?

I setup an access point to perform an "evil twin" attack on an existing WPA2 Enterprise network (I have permission to do this). I am using hostapd-wpe. Within a short period of enabling the access ...
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WPA password cracking setup

let's say i am trying to crack a WPA password and i need to create a virtual machine setup for it. What would the setup be if i limit myself with a specific number of hours ( let's say 24 hours and ...
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470 views

What are the factors making a WPA2 handshake suitable for cracking?

Days ago I was dumping handshakes of my APs using airodump-ng. I would later use aircrack-ng to crack them using wordlists which would purposely contain the passphrases. However, I noticed that some ...
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How long would it take to brute force an 11 character single-case alphanumeric password?

My previous home wifi router's WPA2 password was permanently fixed to FZ4HBCKHGC8. How long would it take to crack via brute force? Or more pragmatically: How long would it take to exhaust all ...
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What is stronger - WPA2 Enterprise with 2048 bit key, or Personal with 63 character passphrase?

Which of the two following has a stronger cryptographic strength in withstanding brute-force attacks? WPA/WPA2 Enterprise using 2048-bit RSA public-key WPA/WPA2 Personal using 63-character ...
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WPA2 MIC 128bits value VS HMAC SHA1 output 160bits

I understand that under WPA2, if the MIC value is equal to the HMAC SHA1 function, that means the password from dictionary attack works. However, after deriving the MIC value from Wireshark, which is ...
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WiFi security in 2018

On my wireless network I have implemented WPA2 protocol with AES encryption. Last year there was several warnings that WPA2 is broken, hacked. Now there are announcements that WPA3 is comming in 2018. ...