I wouldn't count on it. Data has a habit of leaking all over the place; traces of your file content might still be in things like search indexes or application-specific caches.
It's certainly not sufficient to remove traces of the existence of those files. In addition to the aforementioned search indexes, you've got things like recently-used file lists, ...
I have not personally verified this but according to Veracrypt Sourceforge:
When the volume is dismounted, we securely wipe the encrypted master
keys from memory.
When Windows is shutdown or rebooted, we securely wipe the large
memory region that was allocated at startup.
My interpretation is that recovering the keys after dismount would be unlikely.