Yes this is possible using nsenter or similar tools, depending on what you want to do you can also use Docker tooling.
A Docker container is just a namespaced Linux process, so using namespace aware tools you can execute a command from the host inside a given namespace.
For example, say you want to use tcpdump to diagnose a problem with networked nginx web ...
It seems you have ignored the very best advice by cutting your citation just before it:
Kali users, please change the default root password!
If there's no known vulnerabilities in the Kali version you are using, it's relatively safe to use – unless you gave access to everyone by using default (or otherwise guessable) credentials. If someone gets into the ...
While it's probable that bridging your VM network as an entirely different subnet from your host Windows laptop will be sufficient, it's not guaranteed.
Standard practice when taking a laptop into a hostile environment is to assume that it will be compromised and plan accordingly.
Use a clean machine with no sensitive content in the first place
Expect to at ...