First, this is not an attack via Netflix, is an attack spoofing the email sender. It could be anything: Apple, NASA, whatever. Spoofing an email sender is as easy as writing any name and address on an paper envelope and sending it.
The PDF file is protected so some antivirus software and automated scanners will not be able to detect malware on it.
Is it possible to exploit this code?
How can an attacker exploit this?
Path Traversal Vulnerabilities allow an attacker to choose a file that is not intended by the developer.
For example, your program has the path "C:\\Users\\kutrivedi\\Desktop\\Ref\\" + input + ".txt" hardcoded. If I entered foo as input, then the resulting file would be C:\\...
There are two distinct questions here:
How easy is it to trigger the vulnerability? In other words, how easy is it to make the program do something it isn't supposed to do?
How severe is the vulnerability? In other words, if you can trigger it, what can you do with it?
The answer to the first question is: very easy. VLC is a video player, and you can ...
The reason why CVSS scores are high, even though an issue is difficult to exploit, is because CVSS ignores the likelihood of some things.
For example, if an exploit requires the user to open a media file, it gets the attribute "User interaction required". An exploit that would require the user to ignore an explicit warning also gets the attribute "User ...
One solution would be to run a Powershell script that uses psremote to iterate all Windows 7 machines in your network and checks if the Microsoft patch is applied with:
wmic qfe list
It will produce an output like this, which shows installed patches with their associated KB number:
Caption Description FixComments
Late last night I received a "password reset" email from
According to this netflix emails should come from here firstname.lastname@example.org.Please check the SPF and DKIM/DMAC.If it passes then this is official netflix mail.
from: Secured Customer reply-to:
Attached is one file named "Netflix - Unlock -....
A simple explanation:
IDOR occurs when a web application improperly or forgets entirely to verify user input, when they are using that as a reference.
It's a sever side verification mechanism that is vulnerable.
An example is worth a thousands words, so let's say we have a web developer (we will call him Joe) and an attacker (Billy)
Silly Joe, ...
I agree with the answer from @RaimondsLiepiņš. To expand a bit more though, it's important to understand that the nature of how you prevent XSS depends on the context, which is why proper encoding of output is the most effective solution. Trying to preemptively clean all input can work, but also tends to be a clunky solution that causes other issues for ...
Is there any possibility to bypass these regex?
I am not very confident in the regex, because if I do a string like "abc" or "alert(1)" it says no match on both. XSS can be obfuscated as well, meaning a good regex to catch XSS is not an easy task to write, for more information have a look at
SOAPUI is a good tool to execute a DAST (Dynamic Application Security Testing).
Another good open source tool is OWASP ZAP. There are also a bunch of commercial ones.
It's not the tool you are testing with, but the web attack payloads it runs against your application. If two of the tools have the same web attack payloads, there is no need to use another ...
The short answer is Yes. The reason is simple, while some vulnerabilities requires Administrative privileges, other vulnerabilities bypass the UAC mechanism that prevents unattended elevation to Administrator privileges so combining the two creates the risk.
While Apple, as mentioned in the other answer, appears to mostly have a policy of updating the previous two major versions with fixes for significant issues, one apparently cannot rely on this always being the case. As was pointed out in a twitter thread on the subject, Broadpwn and Meltdown fixes apparently were not backported to the previous two major ...