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100 votes
Accepted

Replacing Windows 7 security updates with anti-virus?

Nope. After Microsoft discontinue security updates for a version of Windows there is not a safe way to run that version of Windows. Some people will promote Virtual Patching where you have a ...
David Waters's user avatar
  • 2,801
68 votes
Accepted

Does Windows 10's telemetry include sending *.doc files if Word crashed?

Here is what they spy on, finally officially admitted after being proved again and again by different independent sources. That should make a pretty good idea on what actually is transmitted. To ...
Overmind's user avatar
  • 8,899
38 votes
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Is Windows 10 backup safe from ransomware?

If the ransomware gains administrator access to your computer then it can damage any backups that the Windows machine may have created on that computer. If the ransomware only acquires non-...
700 Software's user avatar
38 votes

Does Windows 10's telemetry include sending *.doc files if Word crashed?

Memory dumps often have document contents It's worth noting that if you're sending a memory dump of a crashed application at the moment of its crash (which is a reasonable way of analyzing crashes) ...
Peteris's user avatar
  • 8,419
38 votes

Replacing Windows 7 security updates with anti-virus?

No, anti-malware is not a replacement for security updates. Neil Matz summarized the Fortinet's Q2 Global Threat Landscape report for 2017, noticing: WannaCry and NotPetya targeted a vulnerability ...
Esa Jokinen's user avatar
34 votes
Accepted

Why does Windows not always force me to confirm my password when changing it?

In addition to what nobody said there's a more practical, but mostly internal, requirement here. Changing a local password in Windows without knowing the original password is called a reset. Resets ...
Steve's user avatar
  • 15.3k
29 votes
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How does this unsigned exe launch without the windows 10 SmartScreen warning?

Windows Defender Smart Screen blocks or allows applications based on reputation. The reputation can be either for the application itself, or for the certificate used to sign it. Usually developers ...
nobody's user avatar
  • 11.6k
14 votes

Is Windows 10 backup safe from ransomware?

The System Volume Information folder only contains files backed up by System Restore. That is, it won't protect your personal files should they get overwritten by malware, it will only protect Windows ...
SilverlightFox's user avatar
14 votes
Accepted

How do I access a firewall log (Windows 10 w. Windows Defender)

Applies to Windows 10 Windows Server 2016 To configure Windows Firewall to log dropped packets or successful connections, use the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security node in the Group Policy ...
TazerFace's user avatar
  • 327
12 votes

Replacing Windows 7 security updates with anti-virus?

There is no realistic substitute for software patches. There are additional security measures one can take, but all of them have their limitations. Antiviruses will not do a thing against attacks ...
520's user avatar
  • 733
12 votes
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Trojan "Win32/Tnega!MSR" found by Windows Defender - aliases used by other antiviruses?

Does anyone here know the alias used for "Tnega!MSR" by other antiviruses, or can point me to a resource so I can find it out myself? Use the VirusTotal website. They have a lot of ...
hft's user avatar
  • 5,021
11 votes

Can Microsoft access all private data if a user installs Windows 10?

This is the whole passage (source: https://privacy.microsoft.com/en-us/privacystatement): Finally, we will access, disclose and preserve personal data, including your content (such as the ...
Knorke's user avatar
  • 464
11 votes
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What is Windows Watchdog and what do we know about it?

The existence of a watchdog timer (software or hardware) has no security implications. A watchdog is a timer that is used to detect hardware or software lockups. A watchdog timer counts down and, if ...
forest's user avatar
  • 66.8k
9 votes
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Does Windows 10 leak information about your IP address?

Is Windows 10 Leaking my IP Address? Almost everything is leaking your IP address. I'm going to avoid telling you your IP address isn't secret. You seem to already know that. Instead, I'm going to ...
Mark Buffalo's user avatar
  • 22.6k
9 votes
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Windows Certificates - where is private key located?

The locations are listed in Microsoft Docs on Key Storage and Retrieval. For Local system private the locations are: The Microsoft legacy CryptoAPI CSPs store private keys in: %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\...
Esa Jokinen's user avatar
8 votes

Does Windows 10 leak information about your IP address?

Since your IP address is essentially the internet equivalent of your postal address and since it is required for routing your request (and especially the response) over the internet, any website that ...
kalina's user avatar
  • 3,374
8 votes
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How can Windows 10 not have the password in memory?

A quick search turned up the link below. They created a new technology called CredentialGuard, which isolates secrets in virtualized secure environments rather than storing everything in LSA like ...
0rigen's user avatar
  • 96
8 votes

Where does Windows 10 save Keyboard input?

There is a lot of hyperbole in tech journalism, just as there is in other journalism. While Windows 10 does indeed collect a lot of data about you, some of it being the result of key strokes, it does ...
Anders's user avatar
  • 65.6k
8 votes
Accepted

How to prevent Firefox and Chrome from opening ports in the firewall?

One option would be to use Windows access controls to prevent changes to the firewall rules. If you first set the rule to Disabled (or simply deleted it), and then changed the ACLs on the firewall ...
CBHacking's user avatar
  • 48.5k
8 votes
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How to securely erase the free space on an SSD in windows 10?

Assuming that the SSD has a properly implemented TRIM function, then Free Space should already be wiped for you, this is what TRIM does as a side effect of preparing deleted/unallocated files for ...
user10216038's user avatar
  • 8,113
7 votes
Accepted

Does Logging out of Windows make my computer much safer than only locking?

[The question "what could go wrong" is rather broad, so this is not a definitive answer. I am also not a Windows certified security professional, I'm just spitballing.] @CaffeineAddiction points out ...
Mike Ounsworth's user avatar
7 votes

Why does Windows 10 have so many open ports by default?

"Authorized Applications" does not equal "Open Ports." These applications have authorization to communicate through the firewall...This does not mean that they're listening on ports open through the ...
Xander's user avatar
  • 35.8k
7 votes

How does Logitech Options software automatically launch from a mouse dongle?

Nic Hartley mentioned drivers. Windows 10 automatically installs drivers for unknown devices as soon as they are plugged in. If Windows does not have the driver for the device, it silently downloads ...
Kartik Soneji's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Difference between system uptime and last boot time in windows

The left window is not showing the system uptime but the network connection uptime. The network may have only been up for a couple of hours for multiple reasons: The network wire was -perhaps ...
Ángel's user avatar
  • 18.8k
6 votes

Is it Feasible to Block Connections That Windows 10 Uses to Push/Pull? - ie: Phone Home, Watchers, Monitors, Onedrive, Cortana, Bing, Shadyness, Etc?

Since I think this is a battle you can't win, I've resorted to simply not having Internet available by default for my Windows 10 box. Instead, to get access to the internet, you have to go through a ...
john16384's user avatar
  • 161
6 votes

Information collected by Windows 10 at maximum privacy configuration

Edit: this answer includes information beyond what the question asks, mainly about settings less then the maximum. I have made it more clear by making the key paragraph start with a bold section. ...
AstroDan's user avatar
  • 2,238
6 votes
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Can someone identify this login screen? It ain't normal Windows 10 screen

It looks like HP Bloatware - I have seen screens similar to this on other HP laptops that utilise HP Security software and other features such as the laptop's fingerprint scanner. Please see here ...
James's user avatar
  • 161

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