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Questions tagged [handshake]

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aireplay-ng --deauth never finds BSSID available

I've been trying to crack wifi wpa2 handshake using airodump-ng and aireplay-ng. I'm using alfa awus-036acs adapter. sudo airodump-ng wlan0 sudo airodump-ng --bssid MAC ADDR of AP --channel 1 -w ...
Michał Matusik's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

What purpose do nonces serve in the TLS 1.3 handshake?

In general, I understand that nonces are used to prevent replay attacks, but in the case of a TLS 1.3 handshake, the Client/Server Hello message contains their public keys. Considering that keys are ...
tired_owl's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
87 views

What is sequence number and why is it used as the ACK number for the next ACK packet? [closed]

I am currently trying to learn the TCP session creating (3 way handshake) process in detail. I was wondering what the sequence number means and also why is the ack num for the next ACK packet always ...
Flqmmable's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
1k views

SSL handshake failure | Client hello(success) -> Server ACK (success) -> server RST (connection closed)

I was running MQTT broker in my pc and tried to connect to it via mqtt client in same PC. using x509 cert for mutual tls. SSL Handshake was failing with RST from server. This was happening only in my ...
azhahes.s's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
118 views

Web request TLS

What version of TLS would be required for a router that separates client requests from a web server behind a router? Let's say the supported TLS client is 1.2 and so is the web server, BUT the router ...
cadobe's user avatar
  • 3
4 votes
1 answer
999 views

Is brute force for SSH similar to cracking WPA2 handshake?

I heard recently that WPA2 passwords can be brute forced if somebody captures handshake (which is not very difficult). Can somebody tell if a similar method exists for cracking SSH traffic? I mean ...
John Smith's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
602 views

Who starts with change cipher spec in a TLS handshake?

After looking at many explanations about the TLS handshake I noticed that sometimes the server starts with the change cipher spec command and sometimes the client starts with it. I'm wondering why. Is ...
Programer.new's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
28 views

Which Keys TLS uses? [duplicate]

I know that in TLS 1.2 the client generates PMS (Pre Master Secret) which is used to get master_secret and Key_Block. Where Key_Block combined with clinet_random and server_random gives us: clientMAC, ...
dan's user avatar
  • 19
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

TLS1.3 handshake encryption

I was reading about TLS1.3 and my question is that are the server hello extensions encrypted? Why is it so and how are they encrypted?
Komal's user avatar
  • 3
1 vote
2 answers
3k views

How browsers know which TLS handshake to use (1.2 vs. 1.3)

TLS 1.3 has a bit different handshake messages than 1.2 (and older) had. The client is supposed to send DH parameters directly in the first Client Hello message. How do browsers know if that's what ...
mnj's user avatar
  • 449
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0 answers
206 views

Mutual TLS on OpenSSL - When does the server generate the CertificateVerify message?

When I am testing mutual TLS handshake performance on TLS1.3 using OpenSSL, I find a very wired thing: I created two groups of servers and clients: Server1 has a certificate signed using RSA3072, and ...
JIQING CHEN's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
511 views

Block inbound TCP segments with ACK=0 vs Block inbound TCP segments with SYN=1, how are they same?

Blocking inbound TCP segments with ACK=0 Blocking inbound TCP segments with SYN=1 Both prevent external clients from making TCP connections to internal clients, but allow internal clients to connect ...
jacnab's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
3k views

How is the MIC (message integrity code) generated in WPA2?

We know that in WPA2's four-way handshake, a MIC is generated in order verify the supplicant (client). But how it is generated? Is something hashed to get the MIC? The PTK (pairwise transient key) ...
Mr_VK's user avatar
  • 13
0 votes
0 answers
420 views

symmetric key generation in TLS 1.3

Am trying to understand the phase where the symmetric key is getting generating. From what I am understanding Diffie-Hellman is used to derive the symmetric key in TLS1.3 I am reading this tls ...
loutsi1's user avatar
  • 51
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the relation between "signature_algorithms" handshake extension and TLS ciphersuite

I am learning TLS handshake and find client/serve will negotiate a cihpersuite during client/server hello. Usually, the last part of a ciphersuite is a hash algorithm, like SHA256 in ECDHE-ECDSA-...
Zachary's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
464 views

SSL Handshake in Android via Bluetooth Classic [closed]

I am working on implementing an Android App (client) which will be connected to Raspberry Pi (server) via Bluetooth Classic. To make data transfer securely, I want to implement SSL encryption between ...
Kiran Varma's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
403 views

Why can SSH negotiatie two different encryption and authentication algorithms?

I recently found out, that according to the RFC, SSH can negotiate two different cipher (and MAC) algorithms for server-to-client-encryption and for client-to-server-encryption (check section 7.1. for ...
mat's user avatar
  • 1,272
-1 votes
1 answer
152 views

Strong TLS parameters even though MITM is being performed

I am performing a MITM attack against my own network using bettercap and https proxy. On my client-side I use the Google Chrome browser and navigate to https://webs.com At the same time I use a script ...
user1235's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
371 views

TLS- Key exchange for session keys. Why?

I have a question about the Key Exchange Algorithm used in TLS process. I have read that the Key Exchange algorithm is used by client and server to exchange session keys. Do the client and server ...
Alice's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
152 views

Is it possible that a single handshake can have 2 TLS versions included?

I am seeing different TLS versions (1.3 and 1.2) in the handshake and intermittently it fails with this error: TLSv1.3 (OUT), TLS handshake, Client hello (1):. 2020-05-28T14:44:00Z.664 [thread-...
smithapambalath's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Not able to capture 4 way handshake using airodump-ng

I am not able capture 4 way handshake, I also tried manually disconnecting and reconnecting my device to the network in hope that airodump-ng will capture the handshake but no luck. I checked the ...
MaxHacc's user avatar
  • 21
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

How does client verify the certificate provided by the server which is signed by different intermediate CA

I am creating a c++ secure client-server application using openssl library. I am still not clear about some aspects of the SSLHandshake procedure I have enabled Mutual TLS in-order verify the both ...
Kethiri Sundar's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
213 views

How does BLE secure connection ensure man in the middle protection?

I understand BLE secure connection pairing mode is improvement over Legacy Pairing. The issue with legacy pairing was intial TK value can easily be bruteforce by an attacker. In contrast, in secure ...
RealTimeEngineer91's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the role of leaf certificate private key In TLS handshake [duplicate]

What is the role of leaf certificate's private key if this certificate is signed by the intermediate certificate's private key and the certificate signature will only be validated using its public ...
Mo Haidar's user avatar
  • 449
1 vote
0 answers
124 views

How are symmetric encryption algorithms tracked once handshake is complete in common secure communication protocols?

My understanding is that most secure web communication protocols ultimately want to agree on a symmetric encryption algorithm to use for sending and receiving data. Once an algorithm is agreed upon by ...
Joo Kang's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
38 views

Where the certificate public and private keys take a place? [duplicate]

I was reading this topic which talks about the handshake process and key exchange https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSFKSJ_7.1.0/com.ibm.mq.doc/sy10660_.htm The article says that the ...
Mo Haidar's user avatar
  • 449
2 votes
0 answers
118 views

Which messages are included in (D)TLS Finished message's verify_data field for session resumption

The https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc5246#section-7.4.9 states which messages are included for PRF computation that is included in Finished messages It is clear for 'regular' (initial) handshake But ...
lakier's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes
0 answers
330 views

TLS 1.2. Handshake: Where do Client and Server negotiate how the master key is built from randoms and pre?

I am currently trying to solve an exercise where I should look at a TLS 1.2 handshake trace while having access to pre and both randoms (server random and client random). In order to decrypt ...
Lavair's user avatar
  • 175
3 votes
1 answer
454 views

TLS 1.2 Handshake: Does the server have to take all extensions sent by the Client?

I am unsure about how extensions are handled in TLS v1.2. During the handshake, the client is able to add some extensions during ClientHello. As far I understood, the server can pick arbitrary ...
Lavair's user avatar
  • 175
0 votes
1 answer
249 views

Is Certification path construction algorithm needed for SSL/TLS?

In the TLS Handshake a Certificate message is sent. This message contains the (chain of) certificates needed to validate the provided certificate of the communicating party. However, I have also ...
Ceesz's user avatar
  • 15
0 votes
1 answer
848 views

SSL server sends wrong certificate when accessed via Java

In my project I have to integrate with another system which uses quite specific SSL (and also specific cipher suite). Here's what I mean. Whenever I try to access the server with Java (send a request)...
Rus9Mus9's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
436 views

Does the SSL record protocol encrypt the handshake protocol too?

As I know the first communication protocol which establishes between client and server in SSL is handshaking protocol and as this site says: The SSL record protocol is used to transfer any data ...
Kamran Hosseini's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
438 views

Does a TLS client needs to support one of the named groups (curves?) supported by the server for TLS handshake to succeed?

Does a TLS client needs to support one of the named groups (curves?) supported by the server for TLS handshake to succeed? Longer version: I'm running a web site using Windows Server 2016. The web ...
Nitradamus's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
222 views

Handshake without asymmetric encryption

One of my teacher said "Without asymmetric encryption, we would be forced to use third-party to initiate any connection". I don't understand how it can be possible, what if an attack occur during the ...
MrHeliose's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
19 views

Which part/step of the TLS handshake is essential for providing PFS? [duplicate]

I would say the key exchange part, because PFS is used only during the key exchange of server and client. Am I right or have I overlooked something?
ItSec's user avatar
  • 1
2 votes
1 answer
345 views

TLS handshake random bytes reused

What would happen if the random bytes provided by the client and the server in the first two messages would be reused by one peer/by both peers? I think it would highly reduce the provided security, ...
TheDoctor's user avatar
  • 123
0 votes
1 answer
642 views

Why is there only two packets in a TLS handshake?

I captured my network traffic to a web server and the SSL Handshake consists only of two packets. Why does that happen and why aren't there all the other packets?
Viktor's user avatar
  • 1
1 vote
2 answers
6k views

SSL handshake not visible in Wireshark

In my organization we have a cloud proxy that work on a loopback address. The vendor of this proxy has deployed an app on our machine which listens on the loopback address. I have captured the apps ...
Shashank Kumar's user avatar
20 votes
3 answers
7k views

Can attackers change the public key of certificate during the SSL handshake

The communication is not encrypted during the SSL handshake. If an attacker conducts a man in the middle attack between server and client to capture the certificate, and change the public key in the ...
Grey's user avatar
  • 363
2 votes
0 answers
3k views

Airgeddon-ng Handshake fail [closed]

I've followed the following instructions below. This is a freshly installed Parrot OS, not using VirtualBox and etc. I am also using Alfa AWUS036NHA wifi adapter. ifconfig sudo airmon-ng start wlan1 (...
loki's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
311 views

how are symmetric keys generated in TLS [duplicate]

My confusion stems from reading that TLS handshake uses some kind of Diffie-Hellman, when I was certain that the symmetric key was generated by a digest of earlier packets encrypted with clients ...
Jonas Grønbek's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
229 views

Do wifi access points and routers get some kind of data from devices when a device is able to see them?

I was wondering if when a router is broadcasting its signal, it is able to handshake with devices that are wifi enabled and looking for a wifi network to connect and get some info from them?
Javier Hernandez's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
574 views

Is it possible to setup 1-way TLS client authentication without server certificates?

Is it possible with TLS to only authenticate the client? In other words can one-way TLS be setup in such a way that only the host initiating the connection uses a client certificate and the second ...
MrRobot's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

TLS-Handshake, Server Key Exchange, Diffie-Hellman: Where does key length come from?

Where does the key length come from? In this example it is 2048 bits long: Secure Sockets Layer TLSv1.2 Record Layer: Handshake Protocol: Server Key Exchange Content Type: Handshake (22)...
DrP3pp3r's user avatar
  • 135
3 votes
1 answer
833 views

Authentication handshake between two independent apps

I need help on a solution for below scenario from a security perspective. Scenario: There are two independent web applications App1 and App2. User will log in to App1 by performing authentication ...
ashok's user avatar
  • 31
-1 votes
2 answers
3k views

Interpreting SSLLabs Handshake simulation results

While testing SSL/TLS details on ssllabs.com for a website, the Handshake Simulation part contains: TLS 1.2 > http/1.1 TLS 1.2 > h2 For eg: What do these things mean? I couldn't find it ...
Pankaj Singhal's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
289 views

Key reinstallation attack how does it work without a pre-shared key?

The author of the key reinstallation attack released scripts on Github to test AP and clients. To test the clients, you have to connect to a fake AP but you still need to know the pre-shared key. Of ...
Elegancia's user avatar
  • 131
0 votes
0 answers
1k views

TLS Pre-master key [duplicate]

If I have access to the pre-master key of a TLS handshake, is it possible to decrypt the rest of the handshake following this? If so, is it possible to get the pre-master key while it is still not ...
Xerox33's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
499 views

Can do I brutefore wifi password with handshake without wifi detection? [closed]

I have captured handshake but now I want to bruteforce wifi without detection it (in different place). Is it possible? If yes, how to do that?
Jan Radtke's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
174 views

Identify SSL invalid handshake using Wireshark

I am doing a research on "Network flow anomaly detection" and use Wireshark for my work. I have a problem of identifying the packets with invalid SSL/TLS handshakes. Is there a way/algorithm to detect ...
Dilini Madumini's user avatar